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FreeBSD/Linux/UNIX General Commands Manual
Hypertext Man Pages
place
 
place(n)		     Tk Built-In Commands		      place(n)



NAME
       place - Geometry manager for fixed or rubber-sheet placement

SYNOPSIS
       place option arg ?arg ...?


DESCRIPTION
       The  placer  is	a  geometry  manager for Tk.  It provides simple fixed
       placement of windows, where you specify the exact size and location  of
       one window, called the slave, within another window, called the master.
       The placer also provides rubber-sheet placement, where you specify  the
       size  and  location of the slave in terms of the dimensions of the mas-
       ter, so that the slave changes size and location in response to changes
       in  the size of the master.  Lastly, the placer allows you to mix these
       styles of placement so that, for example, the slave has a  fixed  width
       and height but is centered inside the master.


       place window option value ?option value ...?
	      Arrange  for  the placer to manage the geometry of a slave whose
	      pathName is window.  The remaining arguments consist of  one  or
	      more  option-value  pairs that specify the way in which window's
	      geometry is managed.  Option may have any of the values accepted
	      by the place configure command.

       place configure window ?option? ?value option value ...?
	      Query  or modify the geometry options of the slave given by win-
	      dow.  If no option is specified, this  command  returns  a  list
	      describing  the  available  options  (see  Tk_ConfigureInfo  for
	      information on the format of this list).	If option is specified
	      with  no	value,	then the command returns a list describing the
	      one named option (this list will be identical to the correspond-
	      ing  sublist  of	the value returned if no option is specified).
	      If one or more option-value pairs are specified, then  the  com-
	      mand modifies the given option(s) to have the given value(s); in
	      this case the command returns an empty string.

	      The following option-value pairs are supported:

	      -anchor where
		     Where specifies which point of window is to be positioned
		     at  the (x,y) location selected by the -x, -y, -relx, and
		     -rely options.  The anchor point is in terms of the outer
		     area  of  window  including  its border, if any.  Thus if
		     where is se then the lower-right corner of window's  bor-
		     der  will	appear at the given (x,y) location in the mas-
		     ter.  The anchor position defaults to nw.

	      -bordermode mode
		     Mode determines the degree to which  borders  within  the
		     master  are  used	in  determining  the  placement of the
		     slave.  The default and most common value is inside.   In
		     this  case the placer considers the area of the master to
		     be the innermost area of the master, inside  any  border:
		     an  option  of  -x  0 corresponds to an x-coordinate just
		     inside the border and an option of  -relwidth  1.0  means
		     window will fill the area inside the master's border.

		     If  mode is outside then the placer considers the area of
		     the master to include its border; this mode is  typically
		     used  when placing window outside its master, as with the
		     options -x 0 -y 0 -anchor ne.  Lastly, mode may be speci-
		     fied  as  ignore, in which case borders are ignored:  the
		     area of the master is considered to  be  its  official  X
		     area,  which includes any internal border but no external
		     border.  A bordermode of ignore is probably not very use-
		     ful.

	      -height size
		     Size  specifies  the  height  for	window in screen units
		     (i.e. any of the forms accepted  by  Tk_GetPixels).   The
		     height  will  be  the outer dimension of window including
		     its border, if any.  If size is an empty string, or if no
		     -height  or  -relheight  option  is  specified,  then the
		     height requested internally by the window will be used.

	      -in master
		     Master specifies the path name of the window relative  to
		     which window is to be placed.  Master must either be win-
		     dow's parent or a	descendant  of	window's  parent.   In
		     addition,	master	and window must both be descendants of
		     the same top-level window.  These restrictions are neces-
		     sary  to guarantee that window is visible whenever master
		     is visible.  If this option isn't specified then the mas-
		     ter defaults to window's parent.

	      -relheight size
		     Size  specifies  the height for window.  In this case the
		     height is specified as a floating-point  number  relative
		     to  the  height  of  the master: 0.5 means window will be
		     half as high as the master, 1.0 means  window  will  have
		     the  same	height	as  the  master,  and  so on.  If both
		     -height and -relheight are specified for a  slave,  their
		     values  are  summed.  For example, -relheight 1.0 -height
		     -2 makes the slave 2 pixels shorter than the master.

	      -relwidth size
		     Size specifies the width for window.  In  this  case  the
		     width is specified as a floating-point number relative to
		     the width of the master: 0.5 means window will be half as
		     wide  as  the master, 1.0 means window will have the same
		     width as the master, and so on.  If both -width and -rel-
		     width are specified for a slave, their values are summed.
		     For example, -relwidth 1.0 -width 5  makes  the  slave  5
		     pixels wider than the master.

	      -relx location
		     Location  specifies  the  x-coordinate  within the master
		     window of the anchor point for window.  In this case  the
		     location  is  specified in a relative fashion as a float-
		     ing-point number:	0.0 corresponds to the	left  edge  of
		     the  master  and 1.0 corresponds to the right edge of the
		     master.  Location need not be in the range  0.0-1.0.   If
		     both  -x  and  -relx are specified for a slave then their
		     values are summed.  For example, -relx 0.5  -x  -2  posi-
		     tions  the left edge of the slave 2 pixels to the left of
		     the center of its master.

	      -rely location
		     Location specifies the  y-coordinate  within  the	master
		     window  of the anchor point for window.  In this case the
		     value is specified in a relative fashion as  a  floating-
		     point  number:   0.0  corresponds	to the top edge of the
		     master and 1.0 corresponds to the bottom edge of the mas-
		     ter.  Location need not be in the range 0.0-1.0.  If both
		     -y and -rely are specified for a slave then their	values
		     are  summed.   For  example, -rely 0.5 -x 3 positions the
		     top edge of the slave 3 pixels below the  center  of  its
		     master.

	      -width size
		     Size specifies the width for window in screen units (i.e.
		     any of the forms accepted by  Tk_GetPixels).   The  width
		     will  be  the outer width of window including its border,
		     if any.  If size is an empty string, or if no  -width  or
		     -relwidth	option	is specified, then the width requested
		     internally by the window will be used.

	      -x location
		     Location specifies the  x-coordinate  within  the	master
		     window  of  the anchor point for window.  The location is
		     specified in screen units (i.e. any of the forms accepted
		     by  Tk_GetPixels)	and  need not lie within the bounds of
		     the master window.

	      -y location
		     Location specifies the  y-coordinate  within  the	master
		     window  of  the anchor point for window.  The location is
		     specified in screen units (i.e. any of the forms accepted
		     by  Tk_GetPixels)	and  need not lie within the bounds of
		     the master window.

	      If the same value is specified  separately  with	two  different
	      options,	such  as  -x and -relx, then the most recent option is
	      used and the older one is ignored.

       place forget window
	      Causes the placer to stop managing the geometry of window.  As a
	      side  effect  of this command window will be unmapped so that it
	      doesn't appear on the screen.  If window isn't currently managed
	      by  the  placer  then  the  command has no effect.  This command
	      returns an empty string.

       place info window
	      Returns a list giving the current configuration of window.   The
	      list  consists of option-value pairs in exactly the same form as
	      might be specified to the place configure command.

       place slaves window
	      Returns a list of all the slave windows for which window is  the
	      master.	If there are no slaves for window then an empty string
	      is returned.

       If the configuration of a window has been retrieved  with  place  info,
       that configuration can be restored later by first using place forget to
       erase any existing information for the window and then  invoking  place
       configure with the saved information.

FINE POINTS
       It is not necessary for the master window to be the parent of the slave
       window.	This feature is useful in at least two situations.  First, for
       complex	window	layouts it means you can create a hierarchy of subwin-
       dows whose only purpose is to assist in the layout of the parent.   The
       ``real  children'' of the parent (i.e. the windows that are significant
       for the application's user interface) can be children of the parent yet
       be  placed  inside  the	windows  of the geometry-management hierarchy.
       This means that the path names of the ``real children''	don't  reflect
       the geometry-management hierarchy and users can specify options for the
       real children without being aware of the structure of the geometry-man-
       agement hierarchy.

       A  second  reason for having a master different than the slave's parent
       is to tie two siblings together.  For example, the placer can  be  used
       to  force  a  window always to be positioned centered just below one of
       its siblings by specifying the  configuration  -in  sibling  -relx  0.5
       -rely 1.0 -anchor n -bordermode outside Whenever the sibling is reposi-
       tioned in the future, the slave will be repositioned as well.

       Unlike many other geometry managers (such as  the  packer)  the	placer
       does not make any attempt to manipulate the geometry of the master win-
       dows or the parents  of	slave  windows	(i.e.  it  doesn't  set  their
       requested  sizes).   To	control  the sizes of these windows, make them
       windows like frames and canvases that provide configuration options for
       this purpose.

EXAMPLE
       Make  the label occupy the middle bit of the toplevel, no matter how it
       is resized: label .l -text "In the\nMiddle!" -bg black -fg white  place
       .l -relwidth .3 -relx .35 -relheight .3 -rely .35


SEE ALSO
       grid(n), pack(n)


KEYWORDS
       geometry manager, height, location, master, place, rubber sheet, slave,
       width



Tk								      place(n)
=193189
+137
(61)