a2p
accept
access
acct
addftinfo
addr2line
adjtime
afmtodit
after
aio_cancel
aio_error
aio_read
aio_return
aio_suspend
aio_waitcomplete
aio_write
alias
aliases
alloc
anvil
append
apply
apropos
ar
array
as
asa
asn1parse
at
atq
atrm
attemptckalloc
attemptckrealloc
authlib
authtest
autopoint
awk
b64decode
b64encode
basename
batch
bc
bdes
bell
bg
bgerror
biff
big5
binary
bind
bindkey
bindtags
bindtextdomain
bio
bitmap
blowfish
bn
bootparams
bootptab
bounce
brandelf
break
breaksw
brk
bsdiff
bsdtar
bsnmpd
bspatch
bthost
btsockstat
buffer
builtin
builtins
bunzip2
button
byacc
bzcat
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bzgrep
bzip2
c2ph
c89
c99
ca
cal
calendar
canvas
cap_mkdb
case
cat
catch
catman
cc
cd
cdcontrol
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checkbutton
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chfn
chgrp
chio
chkey
chmod
chown
chpass
chroot
chsh
ci
ciphers
ckalloc
ckdist
ckfree
ckrealloc
cksum
cleanup
clear
clipboard
clock
clock_getres
clock_gettime
clock_settime
close
cmp
co
col
colcrt
colldef
colors
colrm
column
comm
command
compile_et
complete
compress
concat
config
connect
console
continue
core
courierlogger
couriertcpd
cp
cpan
cpio
cpp
creat
crl
crontab
crunchgen
crunchide
crypt
crypto
csh
csplit
ctags
ctm
ctm_dequeue
ctm_rmail
ctm_smail
cu
cursor
cursors
cut
cvs
date
dbiprof
dbiproxy
dc
dcgettext
dcngettext
dd
dde
default
defer
deliverquota
des
destroy
devfs
df
dgettext
dgst
dh
dhparam
dialog
diff
diff3
dig
dir
dirent
dirname
dirs
discard
disktab
dngettext
do
domainname
done
dprofpp
dsa
dsaparam
dtmfdecode
du
dup
dup2
eaccess
ec
ecdsa
echo
echotc
ecparam
ed
edit
editrc
ee
egrep
elf
elfdump
elif
else
enc
enc2xs
encoding
end
endif
endsw
engine
enigma
entry
env
envsubst
eof
eqn
err
errno
error
errstr
esac
ethers
euc
eui64
eval
event
evp
ex
exec
execve
exit
expand
export
exports
expr
extattr
extattr_delete_fd
extattr_delete_file
extattr_get_fd
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extattr_set_fd
extattr_set_file
f77
false
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fc
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fdwrite
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fg
fgrep
fhopen
fhstat
fhstatfs
fi
file
file2c
fileevent
filename
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find2perl
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flush
fmt
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font
fontedit
for
foreach
fork
format
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frame
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ftp
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gb18030
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gcc
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gcov
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genrsa
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getsid
getsockname
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gettytab
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glob
global
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gprof
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grid
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grolj4
grops
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group
groups
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gzexe
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h2ph
h2xs
hash
hashstat
hd
head
help2man
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hexdump
history
host
hostname
hosts
hosts_access
hosts_options
hpftodit
http
hup
i386_get_ioperm
i386_get_ldt
i386_set_ioperm
i386_set_ldt
i386_vm86
iconv
id
ident
idprio
if
ifnames253
ifnames259
image
imapd
incr
indent
indxbib
info
infokey
inode
install
instmodsh
interp
intro
introduction
ioctl
ipcrm
ipcs
ipf
ipftest
ipnat
ippool
ipresend
issetugid
jail
jail_attach
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jobs
join
jot
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keysyms
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kill
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kse_wakeup
ktrace
label
labelframe
lam
lappend
last
lastcomm
lastlog
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ld
ldap
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ldapdelete
ldapmodify
ldapmodrdn
ldappasswd
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ldapwhoami
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leave
less
lesskey
lex
lgetfh
lhash
libnetcfg
library
limit
limits
lindex
link
linprocfs
linsert
lint
lio_listio
list
listbox
listen
lj4_font
lkbib
llength
lmtp
ln
load
loadfont
local
locale
locate
lock
lockf
log
logger
login
logins
logname
logout
look
lookbib
lorder
lower
lp
lpq
lpr
lprm
lptest
lrange
lreplace
ls
lsearch
lseek
lset
lsort
lstat
lsvfs
lutimes
lynx
m4
madvise
magic
mail
maildiracl
maildirkw
maildirmake
mailq
mailx
make
makeinfo
makewhatis
man
manpath
master
mc
mcedit
mcview
md2
md4
md5
mdc2
memory
menu
menubar
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merge
mesg
message
mincore
minherit
minigzip
mkdep
mkdir
mkfifo
mkimapdcert
mklocale
mknod
mkpop3dcert
mkstr
mktemp
mlock
mlockall
mmap
mmroff
modfind
modfnext
modnext
modstat
moduli
more
motd
mount
mprotect
mptable
msdos
msdosfs
msgattrib
msgcat
msgcmp
msgcomm
msgconv
msgen
msgexec
msgfilter
msgfmt
msggrep
msginit
msgmerge
msgs
msgunfmt
msguniq
mskanji
msql2mysql
msync
mt
munlock
munlockall
munmap
mv
myisamchk
myisamlog
myisampack
mysql
mysqlaccess
mysqladmin
mysqlbinlog
mysqlcheck
mysqld
mysqldump
mysqld_multi
mysqld_safe
mysqlhotcopy
mysqlimport
mysqlshow
mysql_config
mysql_fix_privilege_tables
mysql_zap
namespace
nanosleep
nawk
nc
ncal
ncplist
ncplogin
ncplogout
neqn
netconfig
netgroup
netid
netstat
networks
newaliases
newgrp
nex
nfsstat
nfssvc
ngettext
nice
nl
nm
nmount
nohup
nologin
notify
nroff
nseq
nslookup
ntp_adjtime
ntp_gettime
nvi
nview
objcopy
objdump
objformat
ocsp
od
onintr
open
openssl
opieaccess
opieinfo
opiekey
opiekeys
opiepasswd
option
options
oqmgr
pack
package
packagens
pagesize
palette
pam_auth
panedwindow
parray
passwd
paste
patch
pathchk
pathconf
pawd
pax
pbm
pcre
pcreapi
pcrebuild
pcrecallout
pcrecompat
pcrecpp
pcregrep
pcrematching
pcrepartial
pcrepattern
pcreperform
pcreposix
pcreprecompile
pcresample
pcretest
perl
perl56delta
perl58delta
perl561delta
perl570delta
perl571delta
perl572delta
perl573delta
perl581delta
perl582delta
perl583delta
perl584delta
perl585delta
perl586delta
perl587delta
perl588delta
perl5004delta
perl5005delta
perlaix
perlamiga
perlapi
perlapio
perlapollo
perlartistic
perlbeos
perlbook
perlboot
perlbot
perlbs2000
perlbug
perlcall
perlcc
perlce
perlcheat
perlclib
perlcn
perlcompile
perlcygwin
perldata
perldbmfilter
perldebguts
perldebtut
perldebug
perldelta
perldgux
perldiag
perldoc
perldos
perldsc
perlebcdic
perlembed
perlepoc
perlfaq
perlfaq1
perlfaq2
perlfaq3
perlfaq4
perlfaq5
perlfaq6
perlfaq7
perlfaq8
perlfaq9
perlfilter
perlfork
perlform
perlfreebsd
perlfunc
perlglossary
perlgpl
perlguts
perlhack
perlhist
perlhpux
perlhurd
perlintern
perlintro
perliol
perlipc
perlirix
perlivp
perljp
perlko
perllexwarn
perllinux
perllocale
perllol
perlmachten
perlmacos
perlmacosx
perlmint
perlmod
perlmodinstall
perlmodlib
perlmodstyle
perlmpeix
perlnetware
perlnewmod
perlnumber
perlobj
perlop
perlopenbsd
perlopentut
perlos2
perlos390
perlos400
perlothrtut
perlpacktut
perlplan9
perlpod
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perlport
perlqnx
perlre
perlref
perlreftut
perlrequick
perlreref
perlretut
perlrun
perlsec
perlsolaris
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perlthrtut
perltie
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perltodo
perltooc
perltoot
perltrap
perltru64
perltw
perlunicode
perluniintro
perlutil
perluts
perlvar
perlvmesa
perlvms
perlvos
perlwin32
perlxs
perlxstut
perror
pfbtops
pftp
pgrep
phones
photo
pic
pickup
piconv
pid
pipe
pkcs7
pkcs8
pkcs12
pkg_add
pkg_check
pkg_create
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pkg_info
pkg_sign
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pkill
pl2pm
place
pod2html
pod2latex
pod2man
pod2text
pod2usage
podchecker
podselect
poll
popd
popup
posix_madvise
postalias
postcat
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postdrop
postfix
postkick
postlock
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postqueue
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pr
pread
preadv
printcap
printenv
printf
proc
procfs
profil
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prove
proxymap
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ptrace
publickey
pushd
puts
pwd
pwrite
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qmgr
qmqpd
quota
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radiobutton
raise
rand
ranlib
rcp
rcs
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rcsfile
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rcsintro
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read
readelf
readlink
readonly
readv
realpath
reboot
recv
recvfrom
recvmsg
red
ree
refer
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registry
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remote
rename
repeat
replace
req
reset
resolver
resource
return
rev
revoke
rfcomm_sppd
rfork
rhosts
ripemd
ripemd160
rlog
rlogin
rm
rmd160
rmdir
rpc
rpcgen
rs
rsa
rsautl
rsh
rtld
rtprio
rup
ruptime
rusers
rwall
rwho
s2p
safe
sasl
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scale
scan
sched
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sched_get_priority_max
sched_get_priority_min
sched_rr_get_interval
sched_setparam
sched_setscheduler
sched_yield
scon
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script
scrollbar
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sed
seek
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selection
semctl
semget
semop
send
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set
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setfacl
setgid
setgroups
setitimer
setlogin
setpgid
setpgrp
setpriority
setregid
setresgid
setresuid
setreuid
setrlimit
setsid
setsockopt
settc
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setty
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setvar
sftp
sh
sha
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slaptest
sleep
slogin
slurpd
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smime
smtp
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socket
socketpair
sockstat
soelim
sort
source
spawn
speed
spinbox
spkac
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ssh
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ssh_config
stab
startslip
stat
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stop
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strings
strip
stty
su
subst
sum
suspend
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swapon
switch
symlink
sync
sysarch
syscall
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systat
s_client
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tabs
tail
talk
tar
tbl
tclsh
tcltest
tclvars
tcopy
tcpdump
tcpslice
tcsh
tee
tell
telltc
telnet
term
termcap
terminfo
test
texindex
texinfo
text
textdomain
tfmtodit
tftp
then
threads
time
tip
tk
tkerror
tkvars
tkwait
tlsmgr
tmac
top
toplevel
touch
tput
tr
trace
trafshow
trap
troff
true
truncate
truss
tset
tsort
tty
ttys
type
tzfile
ui
ul
ulimit
umask
unalias
uname
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unhash
unifdef
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uniq
units
unknown
unlimit
unlink
unmount
unset
unsetenv
until
unvis
update
uplevel
uptime
upvar
usbhidaction
usbhidctl
users
utf8
utimes
utmp
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uudecode
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uuidgen
vacation
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verify
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vi
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view
virtual
vis
vt220keys
vwait
w
wait
wait3
wait4
waitpid
wall
wc
wget
what
whatis
where
whereis
which
while
who
whoami
whois
window
winfo
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wm
write
writev
wtmp
x509
xargs
xgettext
xmlwf
xstr
xsubpp
yacc
yes
ypcat
ypchfn
ypchpass
ypchsh
ypmatch
yppasswd
ypwhich
yyfix
zcat
zcmp
zdiff
zegrep
zfgrep
zforce
zgrep
zmore
znew
_exit
__syscall
 
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perlaix
 
PERLAIX(1)	       Perl Programmers Reference Guide 	    PERLAIX(1)



NAME
       README.aix - Perl version 5 on IBM Unix (AIX) systems

DESCRIPTION
       This document describes various features of IBM's Unix operating system
       (AIX) that will affect how Perl version 5 (hereafter just Perl) is com-
       piled and/or runs.

       Compiling Perl 5 on AIX

       When compiling Perl, you must use an ANSI C compiler. AIX does not ship
       an ANSI compliant C-compiler with AIX by default, but binary builds of
       gcc for AIX are widely available.

       At the moment of writing, AIX supports two different native C compil-
       ers, for which you have to pay: xlC and vac. If you decide to use
       either of these two (which is quite a lot easier than using gcc), be
       sure to upgrade to the latest available patch level. Currently:

	   xlC.C     3.1.4.10 or 3.6.6.0 or 4.0.2.2 or 5.0.2.9 or 6.0.0.3
	   vac.C     4.4.0.3  or 5.0.2.6 or 6.0.0.1

       note that xlC has the OS version in the name as of version 4.0.2.0, so
       you will find xlC.C for AIX-5.0 as package

	   xlC.aix50.rte   5.0.2.0 or 6.0.0.3

       subversions are not the same "latest" on all OS versions. For example,
       the latest xlC-5 on aix41 is 5.0.2.9, while on aix43, it is 5.0.2.7.

       Perl can be compiled with either IBM's ANSI C compiler or with gcc.
       The former is recommended, as not only can it compile Perl with no dif-
       ficulty, but also can take advantage of features listed later that
       require the use of IBM compiler-specific command-line flags.

       The IBM's compiler patch levels 5.0.0.0 and 5.0.1.0 have compiler opti-
       mization bugs that affect compiling perl.c and regcomp.c, respectively.
       If Perl's configuration detects those compiler patch levels, optimiza-
       tion is turned off for the said source code files.  Upgrading to at
       least 5.0.2.0 is recommended.

       If you decide to use gcc, make sure your installation is recent and
       complete, and be sure to read the Perl README file for more gcc-spe-
       cific details. Please report any hoops you had to jump through to the
       development team.

       OS level

       Before installing the patches to the IBM C-compiler you need to know
       the level of patching for the Operating System. IBM's command 'oslevel'
       will show the base, but is not always complete (in this example oslevel
       shows 4.3.NULL, whereas the system might run most of 4.3.THREE):

	   # oslevel
	   4.3.0.0
	   # lslpp -l | grep 'bos.rte '
	   bos.rte	     4.3.3.75  COMMITTED  Base Operating System Runtime
	   bos.rte	      4.3.2.0  COMMITTED  Base Operating System Runtime
	   #

       The same might happen to AIX 5.1 or other OS levels. As a side note,
       perl cannot be built without bos.adt.syscalls and bos.adt.libm
       installed

	   # lslpp -l | egrep "syscalls|libm"
	   bos.adt.libm      5.1.0.25  COMMITTED  Base Application Development
	   bos.adt.syscalls  5.1.0.36  COMMITTED  System Calls Application
	   #

       Building Dynamic Extensions on AIX

       AIX supports dynamically loadable objects as well as shared libraries.
       Shared libraries by convention end with the suffix .a, which is a bit
       misleading, as an archive can contain static as well as dynamic mem-
       bers.  For perl dynamically loaded objects we use the .so suffix also
       used on many other platforms.

       Note that starting from Perl 5.7.2 (and consequently 5.8.0) and AIX 4.3
       or newer Perl uses the AIX native dynamic loading interface in the so
       called runtime linking mode instead of the emulated interface that was
       used in Perl releases 5.6.1 and earlier or, for AIX releases 4.2 and
       earlier.  This change does break backward compatibility with compiled
       modules from earlier perl releases.  The change was made to make Perl
       more compliant with other applications like Apache/mod_perl which are
       using the AIX native interface. This change also enables the use of C++
       code with static constructors and destructors in perl extensions, which
       was not possible using the emulated interface.

       The IBM ANSI C Compiler

       All defaults for Configure can be used.

       If you've chosen to use vac 4, be sure to run 4.4.0.3. Older versions
       will turn up nasty later on. For vac 5 be sure to run at least 5.0.1.0,
       but vac 5.0.2.6 or up is highly recommended. Note that since IBM has
       removed vac 5.0.2.1 through 5.0.2.5 from the software depot, these ver-
       sions should be considered obsolete.

       Here's a brief lead of how to upgrade the compiler to the latest level.
       Of course this is subject to changes.  You can only upgrade versions
       from ftp-available updates if the first three digit groups are the same
       (in where you can skip intermediate unlike the patches in the developer
       snapshots of perl), or to one version up where the "base" is available.
       In other words, the AIX compiler patches are cumulative.

	vac.C.4.4.0.1 => vac.C.4.4.0.3	is OK	  (vac.C.4.4.0.2 not needed)
	xlC.C.3.1.3.3 => xlC.C.3.1.4.10 is NOT OK (xlC.C.3.1.4.0 is not available)

	# ftp ftp.software.ibm.com
	Connected to service.boulder.ibm.com.
	: welcome message ...
	Name (ftp.software.ibm.com:merijn): anonymous
	331 Guest login ok, send your complete e-mail address as password.
	Password:
	... accepted login stuff
	ftp> cd /aix/fixes/v4/
	ftp> dir other other.ll
	output to local-file: other.ll? y
	200 PORT command successful.
	150 Opening ASCII mode data connection for /bin/ls.
	226 Transfer complete.
	ftp> dir xlc xlc.ll
	output to local-file: xlc.ll? y
	200 PORT command successful.
	150 Opening ASCII mode data connection for /bin/ls.
	226 Transfer complete.
	ftp> bye
	... goodbye messages
	# ls -l *.ll
	-rw-rw-rw-   1 merijn	system	  1169432 Nov  2 17:29 other.ll
	-rw-rw-rw-   1 merijn	system	    29170 Nov  2 17:29 xlc.ll

       On AIX 4.2 using xlC, we continue:

	# lslpp -l | fgrep 'xlC.C '
	  xlC.C 		    3.1.4.9  COMMITTED	C for AIX Compiler
	  xlC.C 		    3.1.4.0  COMMITTED	C for AIX Compiler
	# grep 'xlC.C.3.1.4.*.bff' xlc.ll
	-rw-r--r--   1 45776101 1	 6286336 Jul 22 1996  xlC.C.3.1.4.1.bff
	-rw-rw-r--   1 45776101 1	 6173696 Aug 24 1998  xlC.C.3.1.4.10.bff
	-rw-r--r--   1 45776101 1	 6319104 Aug 14 1996  xlC.C.3.1.4.2.bff
	-rw-r--r--   1 45776101 1	 6316032 Oct 21 1996  xlC.C.3.1.4.3.bff
	-rw-r--r--   1 45776101 1	 6315008 Dec 20 1996  xlC.C.3.1.4.4.bff
	-rw-rw-r--   1 45776101 1	 6178816 Mar 28 1997  xlC.C.3.1.4.5.bff
	-rw-rw-r--   1 45776101 1	 6188032 May 22 1997  xlC.C.3.1.4.6.bff
	-rw-rw-r--   1 45776101 1	 6191104 Sep  5 1997  xlC.C.3.1.4.7.bff
	-rw-rw-r--   1 45776101 1	 6185984 Jan 13 1998  xlC.C.3.1.4.8.bff
	-rw-rw-r--   1 45776101 1	 6169600 May 27 1998  xlC.C.3.1.4.9.bff
	# wget ftp://ftp.software.ibm.com/aix/fixes/v4/xlc/xlC.C.3.1.4.10.bff
	#

       On AIX 4.3 using vac, we continue:

	# lslpp -l | grep 'vac.C '
	 vac.C			    5.0.2.2  COMMITTED	C for AIX Compiler
	 vac.C			    5.0.2.0  COMMITTED	C for AIX Compiler
	# grep 'vac.C.5.0.2.*.bff' other.ll
	-rw-rw-r--   1 45776101 1	 13592576 Apr 16 2001  vac.C.5.0.2.0.bff
	-rw-rw-r--   1 45776101 1	 14133248 Apr  9 2002  vac.C.5.0.2.3.bff
	-rw-rw-r--   1 45776101 1	 14173184 May 20 2002  vac.C.5.0.2.4.bff
	-rw-rw-r--   1 45776101 1	 14192640 Nov 22 2002  vac.C.5.0.2.6.bff
	# wget ftp://ftp.software.ibm.com/aix/fixes/v4/other/vac.C.5.0.2.6.bff
	#

       Likewise on all other OS levels. Then execute the following command,
       and fill in its choices

	# smit install_update
	 -> Install and Update from LATEST Available Software
	 * INPUT device / directory for software [ vac.C.5.0.2.6.bff	]
	 [ OK ]
	 [ OK ]

       Follow the messages ... and you're done.

       If you like a more web-like approach, a good start point can be
       http://www14.software.ibm.com/webapp/download/downloadaz.jsp and click
       "C for AIX", and follow the instructions.

       The usenm option

       If linking miniperl

	cc -o miniperl ... miniperlmain.o opmini.o perl.o ... -lm -lc ...

       causes error like this

	ld: 0711-317 ERROR: Undefined symbol: .aintl
	ld: 0711-317 ERROR: Undefined symbol: .copysignl
	ld: 0711-317 ERROR: Undefined symbol: .syscall
	ld: 0711-317 ERROR: Undefined symbol: .eaccess
	ld: 0711-317 ERROR: Undefined symbol: .setresuid
	ld: 0711-317 ERROR: Undefined symbol: .setresgid
	ld: 0711-317 ERROR: Undefined symbol: .setproctitle
	ld: 0711-345 Use the -bloadmap or -bnoquiet option to obtain more information.

       you could retry with

	make realclean
	rm config.sh
	./Configure -Dusenm ...

       which makes Configure to use the "nm" tool when scanning for library
       symbols, which usually is not done in AIX.

       Related to this, you probably should not use the "-r" option of Config-
       ure in AIX, because that affects of how the "nm" tool is used.

       Using GNU's gcc for building perl

       Using gcc-3.x (tested with 3.0.4, 3.1, and 3.2) now works out of the
       box, as do recent gcc-2.9 builds available directly from IBM as part of
       their Linux compatibility packages, available here:

	 http://www.ibm.com/servers/aix/products/aixos/linux/

       Using Large Files with Perl

       Should yield no problems.

       Threaded Perl

       Threads seem to work OK, though at the moment not all tests pass when
       threads are used in combination with 64-bit configurations.

       You may get a warning when doing a threaded build:

	 "pp_sys.c", line 4640.39: 1506-280 (W) Function argument assignment between types "unsigned char*" and "const void*" is not allowed.

       The exact line number may vary, but if the warning (W) comes from a
       line line this

	 hent = PerlSock_gethostbyaddr(addr, (Netdb_hlen_t) addrlen, addrtype);

       in the "pp_ghostent" function, you may ignore it safely.  The warning
       is caused by the reentrant variant of gethostbyaddr() having a slightly
       different prototype than its non-reentrant variant, but the difference
       is not really significant here.

       64-bit Perl

       If your AIX is installed with 64-bit support, you can expect 64-bit
       configurations to work. In combination with threads some tests might
       still fail.

       AIX 4.2 and extensions using C++ with statics

       In AIX 4.2 Perl extensions that use C++ functions that use statics may
       have problems in that the statics are not getting initialized.  In
       newer AIX releases this has been solved by linking Perl with the libC_r
       library, but unfortunately in AIX 4.2 the said library has an obscure
       bug where the various functions related to time (such as time() and
       gettimeofday()) return broken values, and therefore in AIX 4.2 Perl is
       not linked against the libC_r.

AUTHOR
       H.Merijn Brand 

DATE
       Version 0.0.6: 23 Dec 2002



perl v5.8.8			  2006-01-07			    PERLAIX(1)
=193826
+182
(49)