a2p
accept
access
acct
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addr2line
adjtime
afmtodit
after
aio_cancel
aio_error
aio_read
aio_return
aio_suspend
aio_waitcomplete
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alias
aliases
alloc
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append
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ar
array
as
asa
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at
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attemptckalloc
attemptckrealloc
authlib
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awk
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b64encode
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bc
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bell
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big5
binary
bind
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bio
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bn
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chio
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dc
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dd
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default
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destroy
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df
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dgst
dh
dhparam
dialog
diff
diff3
dig
dir
dirent
dirname
dirs
discard
disktab
dngettext
do
domainname
done
dprofpp
dsa
dsaparam
dtmfdecode
du
dup
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eaccess
ec
ecdsa
echo
echotc
ecparam
ed
edit
editrc
ee
egrep
elf
elfdump
elif
else
enc
enc2xs
encoding
end
endif
endsw
engine
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entry
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envsubst
eof
eqn
err
errno
error
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euc
eui64
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extattr_set_fd
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file
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for
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fs
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ftp
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g711conv
gb2312
gb18030
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gcc
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gcov
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head
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host
hostname
hosts
hosts_access
hosts_options
hpftodit
http
hup
i386_get_ioperm
i386_get_ldt
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i386_vm86
iconv
id
ident
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if
ifnames253
ifnames259
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ln
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locale
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log
logger
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lp
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lutimes
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mail
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more
motd
mount
mprotect
mptable
msdos
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msgcmp
msgcomm
msgconv
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msgfilter
msgfmt
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msgmerge
msgs
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msguniq
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msql2mysql
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mt
munlock
munlockall
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mv
myisamchk
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myisampack
mysql
mysqlaccess
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mysqlbinlog
mysqlcheck
mysqld
mysqldump
mysqld_multi
mysqld_safe
mysqlhotcopy
mysqlimport
mysqlshow
mysql_config
mysql_fix_privilege_tables
mysql_zap
namespace
nanosleep
nawk
nc
ncal
ncplist
ncplogin
ncplogout
neqn
netconfig
netgroup
netid
netstat
networks
newaliases
newgrp
nex
nfsstat
nfssvc
ngettext
nice
nl
nm
nmount
nohup
nologin
notify
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nseq
nslookup
ntp_adjtime
ntp_gettime
nvi
nview
objcopy
objdump
objformat
ocsp
od
onintr
open
openssl
opieaccess
opieinfo
opiekey
opiekeys
opiepasswd
option
options
oqmgr
pack
package
packagens
pagesize
palette
pam_auth
panedwindow
parray
passwd
paste
patch
pathchk
pathconf
pawd
pax
pbm
pcre
pcreapi
pcrebuild
pcrecallout
pcrecompat
pcrecpp
pcregrep
pcrematching
pcrepartial
pcrepattern
pcreperform
pcreposix
pcreprecompile
pcresample
pcretest
perl
perl56delta
perl58delta
perl561delta
perl570delta
perl571delta
perl572delta
perl573delta
perl581delta
perl582delta
perl583delta
perl584delta
perl585delta
perl586delta
perl587delta
perl588delta
perl5004delta
perl5005delta
perlaix
perlamiga
perlapi
perlapio
perlapollo
perlartistic
perlbeos
perlbook
perlboot
perlbot
perlbs2000
perlbug
perlcall
perlcc
perlce
perlcheat
perlclib
perlcn
perlcompile
perlcygwin
perldata
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perldebguts
perldebtut
perldebug
perldelta
perldgux
perldiag
perldoc
perldos
perldsc
perlebcdic
perlembed
perlepoc
perlfaq
perlfaq1
perlfaq2
perlfaq3
perlfaq4
perlfaq5
perlfaq6
perlfaq7
perlfaq8
perlfaq9
perlfilter
perlfork
perlform
perlfreebsd
perlfunc
perlglossary
perlgpl
perlguts
perlhack
perlhist
perlhpux
perlhurd
perlintern
perlintro
perliol
perlipc
perlirix
perlivp
perljp
perlko
perllexwarn
perllinux
perllocale
perllol
perlmachten
perlmacos
perlmacosx
perlmint
perlmod
perlmodinstall
perlmodlib
perlmodstyle
perlmpeix
perlnetware
perlnewmod
perlnumber
perlobj
perlop
perlopenbsd
perlopentut
perlos2
perlos390
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perlothrtut
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perlplan9
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perlunicode
perluniintro
perlutil
perluts
perlvar
perlvmesa
perlvms
perlvos
perlwin32
perlxs
perlxstut
perror
pfbtops
pftp
pgrep
phones
photo
pic
pickup
piconv
pid
pipe
pkcs7
pkcs8
pkcs12
pkg_add
pkg_check
pkg_create
pkg_delete
pkg_info
pkg_sign
pkg_version
pkill
pl2pm
place
pod2html
pod2latex
pod2man
pod2text
pod2usage
podchecker
podselect
poll
popd
popup
posix_madvise
postalias
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postlock
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postqueue
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pr
pread
preadv
printcap
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printf
proc
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protocols
prove
proxymap
ps
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pstruct
ptrace
publickey
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puts
pwd
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qmgr
qmqpd
quota
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radiobutton
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rand
ranlib
rcp
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rcsclean
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red
ree
refer
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registry
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remote
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resource
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revoke
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ripemd160
rlog
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rm
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rmdir
rpc
rpcgen
rs
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rsh
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rup
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rusers
rwall
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safe
sasl
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scale
scan
sched
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sched_get_priority_max
sched_get_priority_min
sched_rr_get_interval
sched_setparam
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sched_yield
scon
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script
scrollbar
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sed
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selection
semctl
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send
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set
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setfacl
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setgroups
setitimer
setlogin
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settc
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sftp
sh
sha
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sockstat
soelim
sort
source
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speed
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ssh
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stab
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stat
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stop
string
strings
strip
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su
subst
sum
suspend
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syscall
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tee
tell
telltc
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term
termcap
terminfo
test
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text
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time
tip
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trace
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tty
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type
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ui
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units
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until
unvis
update
uplevel
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upvar
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utf8
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verify
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vis
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vwait
w
wait
wait3
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waitpid
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wc
wget
what
whatis
where
whereis
which
while
who
whoami
whois
window
winfo
wish
wm
write
writev
wtmp
x509
xargs
xgettext
xmlwf
xstr
xsubpp
yacc
yes
ypcat
ypchfn
ypchpass
ypchsh
ypmatch
yppasswd
ypwhich
yyfix
zcat
zcmp
zdiff
zegrep
zfgrep
zforce
zgrep
zmore
znew
_exit
__syscall
 
FreeBSD/Linux/UNIX General Commands Manual
Hypertext Man Pages
perlmpeix
 
PERLMPEIX(1)	       Perl Programmers Reference Guide 	  PERLMPEIX(1)



NAME
       README.mpeix - Perl/iX for HP e3000 MPE

SYNOPSIS
	  http://www.bixby.org/mark/perlix.html
	  http://jazz.external.hp.com/src/hp_freeware/perl/
	  Perl language for MPE
	  Last updated January 12, 2006 @ 2100 UTC

NOTE
       This is a podified version of the above-mentioned web page, podified by
       Jarkko Hietaniemi 2001-Jan-01.

Binary distribution from HP
       The simplest way to obtain Perl for the MPE/iX is to go either of these
       URLs and follow the instructions within.

       http://jazz.external.hp.com/src/hp_freeware/perl/
       http://www.bixby.org/mark/perlix.html

       Use which ever one is more recent.

What's New in Perl for MPE/iX
       January 12, 2006

       o   Updated for perl-5.8.8 and perl-5.9.3 by Ken Hirsch.

	   Simplified the build process by using the MPEAUTOCONF functionality
	   in Mark Klein's ld.

	   If you build this from scratch, make sure you have a version of ld
	   which supports it.  In the shell, type

	     ld --help
	       and look for AUTOCONF or MPEAUTOCONF near the bottom

	     or do this:
	     ld --help 2>&1 | grep AUTOCONF

	   If you see don't see AUTOCONF or MPEAUTOCONF, make sure you get a
	   new version.

	   You also do not have to use mpeix/relink after building, so the
	   recommend sequence is:

	     ./Configure -de

		 # or ./Configure -de -Dusedevel
		 # if you're building a development version

	     make
	     make test
		# if you run this in a job, do "make test_notty"

	     make install

	   Be prepared for a wait. These take much longer on MPE/iX than on a
	   Unix system, because of a slow forking, mostly.  On a lightly-
	   loaded HP3000 Series 979 running MPE/iX 7.5:

	       Configure: 1 hour
	       make:	  1 hour 15 minutes
	       make test  1 hour 45 minutes

	   Various socket problems were fixed in mpeix.c.

	   Mark Klein provided a fixed sigsetjmp (that works with dynamic
	   libraries) in mpeix_setjmp.c

       o   June 1, 2000

	   o   Rebuilt to be compatible with mod_perl.	If you plan on using
	       mod_perl, you MUST download and install this version of
	       Perl/iX!

	   o   uselargefiles="undef": not available in MPE for POSIX files
	       yet.

	   o   Now bundled with various add-on packages:

	       o       libnet (as seen on CPAN)

	       o       libwww-perl (LWP) which lets Perl programs behave like
		       web browsers:

			   1. #!/PERL/PUB/perl
			   2. use LWP::Simple;
			   3. $doc = get('http://www.bixby.org/mark/perlix.html');  # reads the
			      web page into variable $doc

		       (http://www.bixby.org/mark/perlix.html)

	       o       mod_perl (just the perl portion; the actual DSO will be
		       released soon with Apache/iX 1.3.12 from bixby.org).
		       This module allows you to write high performance per-
		       sistent Perl CGI scripts and all sorts of cool things.
		       (http://perl.apache.org/)

		       and much much more hiding under /PERL/PUB/.cpan/

	       o       The CPAN module now works for automatic downloading and
		       installing of add-on packages:

			   1. export FTP_PASSIVE=1
			   2. perl -MCPAN -e shell
			   3. Ignore any terminal I/O related complaints!

		       (http://theoryx5.uwinnipeg.ca/CPAN/data/perl/CPAN.html)

	   May 20, 2000

	   o   Updated to version 5.6.0.  Builds straight out of the box on
	       MPE/iX.

	   o   Perl's getpwnam() function which had regressed to being unim-
	       plemented on MPE is now implemented once again.

	   September 17, 1999

	   o   Migrated from cccd.edu to bixby.org.

Welcome to Perl/iX
       This is the official home page for the HP e3000 MPE/iX (
       http://www.hp.com/go/e3000 ) port of the Perl scripting language (
       http://www.perl.com/ ) which gives you all of the power of C, awk, sed,
       and sh in a single language. Check here for the latest news, imple-
       mented functionality, known bugs, to-do list, etc. Status reports about
       major milestones will also be posted to the HP3000-L mailing list (
       http://www.lsoft.com/scripts/wl.exe?SL1=HP3000-L&H=RAVEN.UTC.EDU ) and
       its associated gatewayed newsgroup comp.sys.hp.mpe.

       I'm doing this port because I can't live without Perl on the Unix
       machines that I administer, and I want to have the same power available
       to me on MPE.

       Please send your comments, questions, and bug reports directly to me,
       Mark Bixby ( http://www.bixby.org/mark/ ). Or just post them to
       HP3000-L.

       The platform I'm using to do this port is an HP 3000 957RX running
       MPE/iX 6.0 and using the GNU gcc C compiler ( http://jazz.exter-
       nal.hp.com/src/gnu/gnuframe.html ).

       The combined porting wisdom from all of my ports can be found in my
       MPE/iX Porting Guide (http://www.bixby.org/mark/porting.html).

       IMPORTANT NOTICE: Yes, I do work for the HP CSY R&D lab, but ALL of the
       software you download from bixby.org is my personal freeware that is
       NOT supported by HP.

System Requirements for Perl/iX
       o   MPE/iX 5.5 or later. This version of Perl/iX does NOT run on MPE/iX
	   5.0 or earlier, nor does it run on "classic" MPE/V machines.

       o   If you wish to recompile Perl, you must install both GNUCORE and
	   GNUGCC from jazz (http://jazz.exter-
	   nal.hp.com/src/gnu/gnuframe.html).

       o   Perl/iX will be happier on MPE/iX 5.5 if you install the MPEKX40B
	   extended POSIX filename characters patch, but this is optional.

       o   Patch LBCJXT6A is required on MPE/iX 5.5 machines in order to pre-
	   vent Perl/iX from dying with an unresolved external reference to
	   _getenv_libc.

       o   If you will be compiling Perl/iX yourself, you will also need Sys-
	   log/iX ( http://www.bixby.org/mark/syslogix.html ) and the
	   /BIND/PUB/include and /BIND/PUB/lib portions of BIND/iX (
	   http://www.bixby.org/mark/bindix.html ).

How to Obtain Perl/iX
       1.  Download Perl using either FTP.ARPA.SYS or some other client

       2.  Extract the installation script

       3.  Edit the installation script

       4.  Run the installation script

       5.  Convert your *.a system archive libraries to *.sl shared libraries

	   Download Perl using FTP.ARPA.SYS from your HP 3000 (the preferred
	   method).....

	       :HELLO MANAGER.SYS
	       :XEQ FTP.ARPA.SYS
	       open ftp.bixby.org
	       anonymous
	       your@email.address
	       bytestream
	       cd /pub/mpe
	       get perl-5.6.0-mpe.tar.Z /tmp/perl.tar.Z;disc=2147483647
	       exit

	   .....Or download using some other generic web or ftp client (the
	   alternate method)

	   Download the following files (make sure that you use "binary mode"
	   or whatever client feature that is 8-bit clean):

	   o   Perl from

		   http://www.bixby.org/ftp/pub/mpe/perl-5.6.0-mpe.tar.Z

	       or

		   ftp://ftp.bixby.org/pub/mpe/perl-5.6.0-mpe.tar.Z

	   o   Upload those files to your HP 3000 in an 8-bit clean bytestream
	       manner to:

		   /tmp/perl.tar.Z

	   o   Then extract the installation script (after both download meth-
	       ods)

		   :CHDIR /tmp
		   :XEQ TAR.HPBIN.SYS 'xvfopz /tmp/perl.tar.Z INSTALL'

	   o   Edit the installation script

	       Examine the accounting structure creation commands and modify
	       if necessary (adding additional capabilities, choosing a non-
	       system volume set, etc).

		   :XEQ VI.HPBIN.SYS /tmp/INSTALL

	   o   Run the installation script.

	       The accounting structure will be created and then all files
	       will be extracted from the archive.

		   :XEQ SH.HPBIN.SYS /tmp/INSTALL

	   o   Convert your *.a system archive libraries to *.sl shared
	       libraries

	       You only have to do this ONCE on your MPE/iX 5.5 machine in
	       order to convert /lib/lib*.a and /usr/lib/lib*.a libraries to
	       their *.sl equivalents.	This step should not be necessary on
	       MPE/iX 6.0 or later machines because the 6.0 or later update
	       process does it for you.

		   :XEQ SH.HPBIN.SYS /PERL/PUB/LIBSHP3K

Perl/iX Distribution Contents Highlights
       README
	   The file you're reading now.

       INSTALL
	   Perl/iX Installation script.

       LIBSHP3K
	   Script to convert *.a system archive libraries to *.sl shared
	   libraries.

       PERL
	   Perl NMPRG executable.  A version-numbered backup copy also exists.
	   You might wish to "ln -s /PERL/PUB/PERL /usr/local/bin/perl".

       .cpan/
	   Much add-on source code downloaded with the CPAN module.

       lib/
	   Perl libraries, both core and add-on.

       man/
	   Perl man page documentation.

       public_html/feedback.cgi
	   Sample feedback CGI form written in Perl.

       src/perl-5.6.0-mpe
	   Source code.

How to Compile Perl/iX
       1.  cd src/perl-5.6.0-mpe

       2.  Read the INSTALL file for the official instructions

       3.  ./Configure -d

       4.  make

       5.  ./mpeix/relink

       6.  make test (expect approximately 15 out of 11306 subtests to fail,
	   mostly due to MPE not supporting hard links, UDP socket problems,
	   and handling exit() return codes improperly)

       7.  make install

       8.  Optionally create symbolic links that point to the Perl executable,
	   i.e. ln -s /PERL/PUB/PERL /usr/local/bin/perl

	   The summary test results from "cd t; ./perl -I../lib harness":

	     Failed Test  Status Wstat Total Fail  Failed  List of failed
	     ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
	     io/fs.t			  29	8  27.59%  2-5, 7-9, 11
	     io/openpid.t		  10	1  10.00%  7
	     lib/io_sock.t		  14	1   7.14%  13
	     lib/io_udp.t		   7	2  28.57%  3, 5
	     lib/posix.t		  27	1   3.70%  12
	     op/lex_assign.t		 187	1   0.53%  13
	     op/stat.t			  58	1   1.72%  3
	     15 tests and 94 subtests skipped.
	     Failed 7/236 test scripts, 97.03% okay. 15/11306 subtests failed, 99.87% okay.

Getting Started with Perl/iX
       Create your Perl script files with "#!/PERL/PUB/perl" (or an equivalent
       symbolic link) as the first line.  Use the chmod command to make sure
       that your script has execute permission. Run your script!

       Be sure to take a look at the CPAN module list (
       http://www.cpan.org/CPAN.html ). A wide variety of free Perl software
       is available.  You can automatically download these packages by using
       the CPAN module ( http://theoryx5.uwinnipeg.ca/CPAN/data/perl/CPAN.html
       ).

MPE/iX Implementation Considerations
       There some minor functionality issues to be aware of when comparing
       Perl for Unix (Perl/UX) to Perl/iX:

       o   MPE gcc/ld doesn't properly support linking NMPRG executables
	   against NMXL dynamic libraries, so you must manually run
	   mpeix/relink after each re-build of Perl.

       o   Perl/iX File::Copy will use MPE's /bin/cp command to copy files by
	   name in order to preserve file attributes like file code.

       o   MPE (and thus Perl/iX) lacks support for setgrent(), endgrent(),
	   setpwent(), endpwent().

       o   MPE (and thus Perl/iX) lacks support for hard links.

       o   MPE requires GETPRIVMODE() in order to bind() to ports less than
	   1024.  Perl/iX will call GETPRIVMODE() automatically on your behalf
	   if you attempt to bind() to these low-numbered ports.  Note that
	   the Perl/iX executable and the PERL account do not normally have
	   CAP=PM, so if you will be bind()-ing to these privileged ports, you
	   will manually need to add PM capability as appropriate.

       o   MPE requires that you bind() to an IP address of zero.  Perl/iX
	   automatically replaces the IP address that you pass to bind() with
	   a zero.

       o   MPE requires GETPRIVMODE() in order to setuid().  There are too
	   many calls to setuid() within Perl/iX, so I have not attempted an
	   automatic GETPRIVMODE() solution similar to bind().

Known Perl/iX Bugs Under Investigation
       None.

Perl/iX To-Do List
       o   Make setuid()/setgid() support work.

       o   Make sure that fcntl() against a socket descriptor is redirected to
	   sfcntl().

       o   Add support for Berkeley DB once I've finished porting Berkeley DB.

       o   Write an MPE XS extension library containing miscellaneous impor-
	   tant MPE functions like GETPRIVMODE(), GETUSERMODE(), and sfcntl().

Perl/iX Change History
       May 6, 1999

       o   Patch LBCJXT6A is required on MPE/iX 5.5 machines in order to pre-
	   vent Perl/iX from dying with an unresolved external reference to
	   _getenv_libc.

	   April 7, 1999

	   o   Updated to version 5.005_03.

	   o   The official source distribution once again compiles "straight
	       out of the box" for MPE.

	   o   The current incarnation of the 5.5 POSIX filename extended
	       characters patch is now MPEKX40B.

	   o   The LIBSHP3K *.a -> *.sl library conversion script is now
	       included as /PERL/PUB/LIBSHP3K.

	   November 20, 1998

	   o   Updated to version 5.005_02.

	   o   Fixed a DynaLoader bug that was unable to load symbols from
	       relative path name libraries.

	   o   Fixed a .xs compilation bug where the mpeixish.sh include file
	       wasn't being installed into the proper directory.

	   o   All bugfixes will be submitted back to the official Perl devel-
	       opers.

	   o   The current incarnation of the POSIX filename extended charac-
	       ters patch is now MPEKXJ3A.

	   August 14, 1998

	   o   The previous POSIX filename extended characters patch MPEKX44C
	       has been superseded by MPEKXB5A.

	   August 7, 1998

	   o   The previous POSIX filename extended characters patch MPEKX76A
	       has been superseded by MPEKX44C.

	   July 28, 1998

	   o   Updated to version 5.005_01.

	   July 23, 1998

	   o   Updated to version 5.005 (production release).  The public
	       freeware sources are now 100% MPE-ready "straight out of the
	       box".

	   July 17, 1998

	   o   Updated to version 5.005b1 (public beta release).  The public
	       freeware sources are now 99.9% MPE-ready.  By installing and
	       testing this beta on your own HP3000, you will be helping to
	       insure that the final release of 5.005 will be 100% MPE-ready
	       and 100% bug free.

	   o   My MPE binary release is now extracted using my standard
	       INSTALL script.

	   July 15, 1998

	   o   Changed startperl to #!/PERL/PUB/perl so that Perl will recog-
	       nize scripts more easily and efficiently.

	   July 8, 1998

	   o   Updated to version 5.004_70 (internal developer release) which
	       is now MPE-ready.  The next public freeware release of Perl
	       should compile "straight out of the box" on MPE.  Note that
	       this version of Perl/iX was strictly internal to me and never
	       publicly released.  Note that [21]BIND/iX is now required
	       (well, the include files and libbind.a) if you wish to compile
	       Perl/iX.

	   November 6, 1997

	   o   Updated to version 5.004_04.  No changes in MPE-specific func-
	       tionality.

	   October 16, 1997

	   o   Added Demos section to the Perl/iX home page so you can see
	       some sample Perl applications running on my 3000.

	   October 3, 1997

	   o   Added System Requirements section to the Perl/iX home page just
	       so the prerequisites stand out more. Various other home page
	       tweaks.

	   October 2, 1997

	   o   Initial public release.

	   September 1997

	   o   Porting begins.

AUTHOR
       Mark Bixby, http://www.bixby.org/mark/



perl v5.8.8			  2006-01-07			  PERLMPEIX(1)
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