a2p
accept
access
acct
addftinfo
addr2line
adjtime
afmtodit
after
aio_cancel
aio_error
aio_read
aio_return
aio_suspend
aio_waitcomplete
aio_write
alias
aliases
alloc
anvil
append
apply
apropos
ar
array
as
asa
asn1parse
at
atq
atrm
attemptckalloc
attemptckrealloc
authlib
authtest
autopoint
awk
b64decode
b64encode
basename
batch
bc
bdes
bell
bg
bgerror
biff
big5
binary
bind
bindkey
bindtags
bindtextdomain
bio
bitmap
blowfish
bn
bootparams
bootptab
bounce
brandelf
break
breaksw
brk
bsdiff
bsdtar
bsnmpd
bspatch
bthost
btsockstat
buffer
builtin
builtins
bunzip2
button
byacc
bzcat
bzegrep
bzfgrep
bzgrep
bzip2
c2ph
c89
c99
ca
cal
calendar
canvas
cap_mkdb
case
cat
catch
catman
cc
cd
cdcontrol
chdir
checkbutton
checknr
chflags
chfn
chgrp
chio
chkey
chmod
chown
chpass
chroot
chsh
ci
ciphers
ckalloc
ckdist
ckfree
ckrealloc
cksum
cleanup
clear
clipboard
clock
clock_getres
clock_gettime
clock_settime
close
cmp
co
col
colcrt
colldef
colors
colrm
column
comm
command
compile_et
complete
compress
concat
config
connect
console
continue
core
courierlogger
couriertcpd
cp
cpan
cpio
cpp
creat
crl
crontab
crunchgen
crunchide
crypt
crypto
csh
csplit
ctags
ctm
ctm_dequeue
ctm_rmail
ctm_smail
cu
cursor
cursors
cut
cvs
date
dbiprof
dbiproxy
dc
dcgettext
dcngettext
dd
dde
default
defer
deliverquota
des
destroy
devfs
df
dgettext
dgst
dh
dhparam
dialog
diff
diff3
dig
dir
dirent
dirname
dirs
discard
disktab
dngettext
do
domainname
done
dprofpp
dsa
dsaparam
dtmfdecode
du
dup
dup2
eaccess
ec
ecdsa
echo
echotc
ecparam
ed
edit
editrc
ee
egrep
elf
elfdump
elif
else
enc
enc2xs
encoding
end
endif
endsw
engine
enigma
entry
env
envsubst
eof
eqn
err
errno
error
errstr
esac
ethers
euc
eui64
eval
event
evp
ex
exec
execve
exit
expand
export
exports
expr
extattr
extattr_delete_fd
extattr_delete_file
extattr_get_fd
extattr_get_file
extattr_set_fd
extattr_set_file
f77
false
famm
famx
fblocked
fbtab
fc
fchdir
fchflags
fchmod
fchown
fcntl
fconfigure
fcopy
fdescfs
fdformat
fdread
fdwrite
fetch
fg
fgrep
fhopen
fhstat
fhstatfs
fi
file
file2c
fileevent
filename
filetest
find
find2perl
finger
flex
flock
flush
fmt
focus
fold
font
fontedit
for
foreach
fork
format
forward
fpathconf
frame
from
fs
fstab
fstat
fstatfs
fsync
ftp
ftpchroot
ftpusers
ftruncate
futimes
g711conv
gb2312
gb18030
gbk
gcc
gcore
gcov
gdb
gencat
gendsa
genrsa
gensnmptree
getconf
getdents
getdirentries
getdtablesize
getegid
geteuid
getfacl
getfh
getfsstat
getgid
getgroups
getitimer
getlogin
getopt
getopts
getpeername
getpgid
getpgrp
getpid
getppid
getpriority
getresgid
getresuid
getrlimit
getrusage
gets
getsid
getsockname
getsockopt
gettext
gettextize
gettimeofday
gettytab
getuid
glob
global
gmake
goto
gperf
gprof
grab
grep
grid
grn
grodvi
groff
groff_font
groff_out
groff_tmac
grog
grolbp
grolj4
grops
grotty
group
groups
gunzip
gzcat
gzexe
gzip
h2ph
h2xs
hash
hashstat
hd
head
help2man
hesinfo
hexdump
history
host
hostname
hosts
hosts_access
hosts_options
hpftodit
http
hup
i386_get_ioperm
i386_get_ldt
i386_set_ioperm
i386_set_ldt
i386_vm86
iconv
id
ident
idprio
if
ifnames253
ifnames259
image
imapd
incr
indent
indxbib
info
infokey
inode
install
instmodsh
interp
intro
introduction
ioctl
ipcrm
ipcs
ipf
ipftest
ipnat
ippool
ipresend
issetugid
jail
jail_attach
jobid
jobs
join
jot
kbdcontrol
kbdmap
kcon
kdestroy
kdump
kenv
kevent
keycap
keylogin
keylogout
keymap
keysyms
kgdb
kill
killall
killpg
kinit
kldfind
kldfirstmod
kldload
kldnext
kldstat
kldsym
kldunload
klist
kpasswd
kqueue
kse
kse_create
kse_exit
kse_release
kse_switchin
kse_thr_interrupt
kse_wakeup
ktrace
label
labelframe
lam
lappend
last
lastcomm
lastlog
lchflags
lchmod
lchown
ld
ldap
ldapadd
ldapcompare
ldapdelete
ldapmodify
ldapmodrdn
ldappasswd
ldapsearch
ldapwhoami
ldd
leave
less
lesskey
lex
lgetfh
lhash
libnetcfg
library
limit
limits
lindex
link
linprocfs
linsert
lint
lio_listio
list
listbox
listen
lj4_font
lkbib
llength
lmtp
ln
load
loadfont
local
locale
locate
lock
lockf
log
logger
login
logins
logname
logout
look
lookbib
lorder
lower
lp
lpq
lpr
lprm
lptest
lrange
lreplace
ls
lsearch
lseek
lset
lsort
lstat
lsvfs
lutimes
lynx
m4
madvise
magic
mail
maildiracl
maildirkw
maildirmake
mailq
mailx
make
makeinfo
makewhatis
man
manpath
master
mc
mcedit
mcview
md2
md4
md5
mdc2
memory
menu
menubar
menubutton
merge
mesg
message
mincore
minherit
minigzip
mkdep
mkdir
mkfifo
mkimapdcert
mklocale
mknod
mkpop3dcert
mkstr
mktemp
mlock
mlockall
mmap
mmroff
modfind
modfnext
modnext
modstat
moduli
more
motd
mount
mprotect
mptable
msdos
msdosfs
msgattrib
msgcat
msgcmp
msgcomm
msgconv
msgen
msgexec
msgfilter
msgfmt
msggrep
msginit
msgmerge
msgs
msgunfmt
msguniq
mskanji
msql2mysql
msync
mt
munlock
munlockall
munmap
mv
myisamchk
myisamlog
myisampack
mysql
mysqlaccess
mysqladmin
mysqlbinlog
mysqlcheck
mysqld
mysqldump
mysqld_multi
mysqld_safe
mysqlhotcopy
mysqlimport
mysqlshow
mysql_config
mysql_fix_privilege_tables
mysql_zap
namespace
nanosleep
nawk
nc
ncal
ncplist
ncplogin
ncplogout
neqn
netconfig
netgroup
netid
netstat
networks
newaliases
newgrp
nex
nfsstat
nfssvc
ngettext
nice
nl
nm
nmount
nohup
nologin
notify
nroff
nseq
nslookup
ntp_adjtime
ntp_gettime
nvi
nview
objcopy
objdump
objformat
ocsp
od
onintr
open
openssl
opieaccess
opieinfo
opiekey
opiekeys
opiepasswd
option
options
oqmgr
pack
package
packagens
pagesize
palette
pam_auth
panedwindow
parray
passwd
paste
patch
pathchk
pathconf
pawd
pax
pbm
pcre
pcreapi
pcrebuild
pcrecallout
pcrecompat
pcrecpp
pcregrep
pcrematching
pcrepartial
pcrepattern
pcreperform
pcreposix
pcreprecompile
pcresample
pcretest
perl
perl56delta
perl58delta
perl561delta
perl570delta
perl571delta
perl572delta
perl573delta
perl581delta
perl582delta
perl583delta
perl584delta
perl585delta
perl586delta
perl587delta
perl588delta
perl5004delta
perl5005delta
perlaix
perlamiga
perlapi
perlapio
perlapollo
perlartistic
perlbeos
perlbook
perlboot
perlbot
perlbs2000
perlbug
perlcall
perlcc
perlce
perlcheat
perlclib
perlcn
perlcompile
perlcygwin
perldata
perldbmfilter
perldebguts
perldebtut
perldebug
perldelta
perldgux
perldiag
perldoc
perldos
perldsc
perlebcdic
perlembed
perlepoc
perlfaq
perlfaq1
perlfaq2
perlfaq3
perlfaq4
perlfaq5
perlfaq6
perlfaq7
perlfaq8
perlfaq9
perlfilter
perlfork
perlform
perlfreebsd
perlfunc
perlglossary
perlgpl
perlguts
perlhack
perlhist
perlhpux
perlhurd
perlintern
perlintro
perliol
perlipc
perlirix
perlivp
perljp
perlko
perllexwarn
perllinux
perllocale
perllol
perlmachten
perlmacos
perlmacosx
perlmint
perlmod
perlmodinstall
perlmodlib
perlmodstyle
perlmpeix
perlnetware
perlnewmod
perlnumber
perlobj
perlop
perlopenbsd
perlopentut
perlos2
perlos390
perlos400
perlothrtut
perlpacktut
perlplan9
perlpod
perlpodspec
perlport
perlqnx
perlre
perlref
perlreftut
perlrequick
perlreref
perlretut
perlrun
perlsec
perlsolaris
perlstyle
perlsub
perlsyn
perlthrtut
perltie
perltoc
perltodo
perltooc
perltoot
perltrap
perltru64
perltw
perlunicode
perluniintro
perlutil
perluts
perlvar
perlvmesa
perlvms
perlvos
perlwin32
perlxs
perlxstut
perror
pfbtops
pftp
pgrep
phones
photo
pic
pickup
piconv
pid
pipe
pkcs7
pkcs8
pkcs12
pkg_add
pkg_check
pkg_create
pkg_delete
pkg_info
pkg_sign
pkg_version
pkill
pl2pm
place
pod2html
pod2latex
pod2man
pod2text
pod2usage
podchecker
podselect
poll
popd
popup
posix_madvise
postalias
postcat
postconf
postdrop
postfix
postkick
postlock
postlog
postmap
postqueue
postsuper
pr
pread
preadv
printcap
printenv
printf
proc
procfs
profil
protocols
prove
proxymap
ps
psed
psroff
pstruct
ptrace
publickey
pushd
puts
pwd
pwrite
pwritev
qmgr
qmqpd
quota
quotactl
radiobutton
raise
rand
ranlib
rcp
rcs
rcsclean
rcsdiff
rcsfile
rcsfreeze
rcsintro
rcsmerge
read
readelf
readlink
readonly
readv
realpath
reboot
recv
recvfrom
recvmsg
red
ree
refer
regexp
registry
regsub
rehash
remote
rename
repeat
replace
req
reset
resolver
resource
return
rev
revoke
rfcomm_sppd
rfork
rhosts
ripemd
ripemd160
rlog
rlogin
rm
rmd160
rmdir
rpc
rpcgen
rs
rsa
rsautl
rsh
rtld
rtprio
rup
ruptime
rusers
rwall
rwho
s2p
safe
sasl
sasldblistusers2
saslpasswd2
sbrk
scache
scale
scan
sched
sched_getparam
sched_getscheduler
sched_get_priority_max
sched_get_priority_min
sched_rr_get_interval
sched_setparam
sched_setscheduler
sched_yield
scon
scp
script
scrollbar
sdiff
sed
seek
select
selection
semctl
semget
semop
send
sendbug
sendfile
sendmail
sendmsg
sendto
services
sess_id
set
setegid
setenv
seteuid
setfacl
setgid
setgroups
setitimer
setlogin
setpgid
setpgrp
setpriority
setregid
setresgid
setresuid
setreuid
setrlimit
setsid
setsockopt
settc
settimeofday
setty
setuid
setvar
sftp
sh
sha
sha1
sha256
shar
shells
shift
shmat
shmctl
shmdt
shmget
showq
shutdown
sigaction
sigaltstack
sigblock
sigmask
sigpause
sigpending
sigprocmask
sigreturn
sigsetmask
sigstack
sigsuspend
sigvec
sigwait
size
slapadd
slapcat
slapd
slapdn
slapindex
slappasswd
slaptest
sleep
slogin
slurpd
smbutil
smime
smtp
smtpd
socket
socketpair
sockstat
soelim
sort
source
spawn
speed
spinbox
spkac
splain
split
squid
squid_ldap_auth
squid_ldap_group
squid_unix_group
sscop
ssh
sshd_config
ssh_config
stab
startslip
stat
statfs
stop
string
strings
strip
stty
su
subst
sum
suspend
swapoff
swapon
switch
symlink
sync
sysarch
syscall
sysconftool
sysconftoolcheck
systat
s_client
s_server
s_time
tabs
tail
talk
tar
tbl
tclsh
tcltest
tclvars
tcopy
tcpdump
tcpslice
tcsh
tee
tell
telltc
telnet
term
termcap
terminfo
test
texindex
texinfo
text
textdomain
tfmtodit
tftp
then
threads
time
tip
tk
tkerror
tkvars
tkwait
tlsmgr
tmac
top
toplevel
touch
tput
tr
trace
trafshow
trap
troff
true
truncate
truss
tset
tsort
tty
ttys
type
tzfile
ui
ul
ulimit
umask
unalias
uname
uncomplete
uncompress
undelete
unexpand
unhash
unifdef
unifdefall
uniq
units
unknown
unlimit
unlink
unmount
unset
unsetenv
until
unvis
update
uplevel
uptime
upvar
usbhidaction
usbhidctl
users
utf8
utimes
utmp
utrace
uudecode
uuencode
uuidgen
vacation
variable
verify
version
vfork
vgrind
vgrindefs
vi
vidcontrol
vidfont
view
virtual
vis
vt220keys
vwait
w
wait
wait3
wait4
waitpid
wall
wc
wget
what
whatis
where
whereis
which
while
who
whoami
whois
window
winfo
wish
wm
write
writev
wtmp
x509
xargs
xgettext
xmlwf
xstr
xsubpp
yacc
yes
ypcat
ypchfn
ypchpass
ypchsh
ypmatch
yppasswd
ypwhich
yyfix
zcat
zcmp
zdiff
zegrep
zfgrep
zforce
zgrep
zmore
znew
_exit
__syscall
 
FreeBSD/Linux/UNIX General Commands Manual
Hypertext Man Pages
mc
 
MC(1)			    GNU Midnight Commander			 MC(1)



NAME
       mc - Visual shell for Unix-like systems.

USAGE
       mc [-abcCdfhPstuUVx] [-l log] [dir1 [dir2]] [-e [file]] [-v file]

DESCRIPTION
       GNU  Midnight  Commander  is a directory browser/file manager for Unix-
       like operating systems.

OPTIONS
       -a, --stickchars
	      Disable usage of graphic characters for line drawing.

       -b, --nocolor
	      Force black and white display.

       -c, --color
	      Force color mode, please	check  the  section  Colors  for  more
	      information.

       -C arg, --colors=arg
	      Specify  a  different color set in the command line.  The format
	      of arg is documented in the Colors section.

       -d, --nomouse
	      Disable mouse support.

       -e [file], --edit[=file]
	      Start the internal editor.  If the file is specified, open it on
	      startup.	See also mcedit (1).

       -f, --datadir
	      Display  the  compiled-in  search  paths	for Midnight Commander
	      files.

       -k, --resetsoft
	      Reset softkeys to their default from the termcap/terminfo  data-
	      base.  Only  useful on HP terminals when the function keys don't
	      work.

       -l file, --ftplog=file
	      Save the ftpfs dialog with the server in file.

       -P file, --printwd=file
	      Print the last working directory to the  specified  file.   This
	      option  is  not  meant  to be used directly.  Instead, it's used
	      from a special shell script that automatically changes the  cur-
	      rent  directory  of the shell to the last directory the Midnight
	      Commander was in.  Source the file /usr/local/share/mc/bin/mc.sh
	      (bash  and  zsh  users)  or /usr/local/share/mc/bin/mc.csh (tcsh
	      users) respectively to define mc as an alias to the  appropriate
	      shell script.

       -s, --slow
	      Turn  on	the  slow terminal mode, in this mode the program will
	      not draw expensive line drawing characters and will toggle  ver-
	      bose mode off.

       -t, --termcap
	      Used  only  if the code was compiled with Slang and terminfo: it
	      makes the Midnight Commander use the value of the TERMCAP  vari-
	      able  for the terminal information instead of the information on
	      the system wide terminal database

       -u, --nosubshell
	      Disable use of the concurrent shell (only  makes	sense  if  the
	      Midnight	Commander  has	been  built with concurrent shell sup-
	      port).

       -U, --subshell
	      Enable use of the concurrent shell support (only makes sense  if
	      the  Midnight  Commander was built with the subshell support set
	      as an optional feature).

       -v file, --view=file
	      Start the internal viewer to view the specified file.  See  also
	      mcview (1).

       -V, --version
	      Display the version of the program.

       -x, --xterm
	      Force  xterm mode.  Used when running on xterm-capable terminals
	      (two screen modes, and able to send mouse escape sequences).

       If specified, the first path name is  the  directory  to  show  in  the
       selected  panel;  the  second path name is the directory to be shown in
       the other panel.

Overview
       The screen of the  Midnight  Commander  is  divided  into  four	parts.
       Almost all of the screen space is taken up by two directory panels.  By
       default, the second line from the bottom of the	screen	is  the  shell
       command	line,  and the bottom line shows the function key labels.  The
       topmost line is the menu bar line.  The menu bar line may not be  visi-
       ble,  but appears if you click the topmost line with the mouse or press
       the F9 key.

       The Midnight Commander provides a view of two directories at  the  same
       time. One of the panels is the current panel (a selection bar is in the
       current panel). Almost all operations take place on the current	panel.
       Some  file operations like Rename and Copy by default use the directory
       of the unselected panel as a destination (don't worry, they always  ask
       you  for confirmation first). For more information, see the sections on
       the Directory Panels, the Left and Right Menus and the File Menu.

       You can execute system commands from the Midnight Commander  by	simply
       typing them. Everything you type will appear on the shell command line,
       and when you press Enter the Midnight Commander will execute  the  com-
       mand  line  you	typed; read the Shell Command Line and Input Line Keys
       sections to learn more about the command line.

Mouse Support
       The Midnight Commander comes with mouse support.  It is activated when-
       ever you are running on an xterm(1) terminal (it even works if you take
       a telnet, ssh or rlogin connection to another machine from  the	xterm)
       or  if you are running on a Linux console and have the gpm mouse server
       running.

       When you left click on a file in the directory  panels,	that  file  is
       selected;  if  you  click with the right button, the file is marked (or
       unmarked, depending on the previous state).

       Double-clicking on a file will try to execute the command if it	is  an
       executable  program;  and if the extension file has a program specified
       for the file's extension, the specified program is executed.

       Also, it is possible to execute the commands assigned to  the  function
       key labels by clicking on them.

       If  a  mouse  button  is clicked on the top frame line of the directory
       panel, it is scrolled one page up.  Likewise, a	click  on  the	bottom
       frame  line will cause scrolling one page down.	This frame line method
       works also in the Help Viewer and the Directory Tree.

       The default auto repeat rate for the mouse buttons is 400 milliseconds.
       This  may  be changed to other values by editing the ~/.mc/ini file and
       changing the mouse_repeat_rate parameter.

       If you are running the Midnight Commander with the mouse  support,  you
       can  get the default mouse behavior (cutting and pasting text) by hold-
       ing down the Shift key.


Keys
       Some commands in the Midnight Commander involve the use of the  Control
       (sometimes  labeled CTRL or CTL) and the Meta (sometimes labeled ALT or
       even Compose) keys. In this manual we will use the following  abbrevia-
       tions:

       C-
	      means  hold  the	Control  key while typing the character .
	      Thus C-f would be: hold the Control key and type f.

       M-
	      means hold the Meta or Alt key  down  while  typing  .   If
	      there is no Meta or Alt key, type ESC, release it, then type the
	      character .

       S-
	      means hold the Shift key down while typing .

       All input lines in the Midnight Commander use an approximation  to  the
       GNU Emacs editor's key bindings.

       There  are  many  sections which tell about the keys. The following are
       the most important.

       The File Menu section documents the keyboard shortcuts for the commands
       appearing  in  the  File menu. This section includes the function keys.
       Most of these commands perform some action,  usually  on  the  selected
       file or the tagged files.

       The  Directory Panels section documents the keys which select a file or
       tag files as a target for a later action (the  action  is  usually  one
       from the file menu).

       The  Shell Command Line section list the keys which are used for enter-
       ing and editing command lines. Most of these copy file names  and  such
       from  the directory panels to the command line (to avoid excessive typ-
       ing) or access the command line history.

       Input Line Keys are used for editing input lines. This means  both  the
       command line and the input lines in the query dialogs.

  Miscellaneous Keys
       Here are some keys which don't fall into any of the other categories:

       Enter  if there is some text in the command line (the one at the bottom
	      of the panels), then that command is executed. If  there	is  no
	      text  in	the  command  line then if the selection bar is over a
	      directory the Midnight Commander does a chdir(2) to the selected
	      directory  and  reloads  the  information  on  the panel; if the
	      selection is an executable file then it is executed. Finally, if
	      the  extension  of  the  selected  file  name matches one of the
	      extensions in the extensions file then the corresponding command
	      is executed.

       C-l    repaint all the information in the Midnight Commander.

       C-x c  run the Chmod command on a file or on the tagged files.

       C-x o  run  the	Chown  command	on  the  current file or on the tagged
	      files.

       C-x l  run the link command.

       C-x s  run the symbolic link command.

       C-x i  set the other panel display mode to information.

       C-x q  set the other panel display mode to quick view.

       C-x !  execute the External panelize command.

       C-x h  run the add directory to hotlist command.

       M-!    executes the Filtered view command, described in the  view  com-
	      mand.

       M-?    executes the Find file command.

       M-c    pops up the quick cd dialog.

       C-o    when the program is being run in the Linux or FreeBSD console or
	      under an xterm, it will show you the output of the previous com-
	      mand.   When  ran  on  the Linux console, the Midnight Commander
	      uses an external	program  (cons.saver)  to  handle  saving  and
	      restoring of information on the screen.

       When  the subshell support is compiled in, you can type C-o at any time
       and you will be taken back to the Midnight Commander  main  screen,  to
       return  to  your application just type C-o.  If you have an application
       suspended by using this trick, you won't be able to execute other  pro-
       grams  from  the  Midnight  Commander until you terminate the suspended
       application.

  Directory Panels
       This section lists the keys which operate on the directory  panels.  If
       you want to know how to change the appearance of the panels take a look
       at the section on Left and Right Menus.

       Tab, C-i
	      change the current panel. The old other panel  becomes  the  new
	      current  panel  and  the old current panel becomes the new other
	      panel. The selection bar moves from the old current panel to the
	      new current panel.

       Insert, C-t
	      to  tag  files  you  may	use the Insert key (the kich1 terminfo
	      sequence) or the C-t (Control-t) sequence. To untag files,  just
	      retag a tagged file.

       M-g, M-r, M-j
	      used  to select the top file in a panel, the middle file and the
	      bottom one, respectively.

       C-s, M-s
	      start a filename search  in  the	directory  listing.  When  the
	      search  is  active,  the	user input will be added to the search
	      string instead of the command  line.  If	the  Show  mini-status
	      option  is enabled the search string is shown on the mini-status
	      line. When typing, the selection bar will move to the next  file
	      starting	with  the typed letters. The backspace or DEL keys can
	      be used to correct typing mistakes. If C-s is pressed again, the
	      next match is searched for.

       M-t    toggle  the  current  display  listing  to show the next display
	      listing mode.  With this it is possible to quickly  switch  from
	      long  listing  to  regular  listing and the user defined listing
	      mode.

       C-\ (control-backslash)
	      show the directory hotlist and change to the selected directory.

       +  (plus)
	      this is used to select (tag) a group of files. The Midnight Com-
	      mander will prompt  for  a  regular  expression  describing  the
	      group.  When  Shell Patterns are enabled, the regular expression
	      is much like the regular expressions in the  shell  (*  standing
	      for  zero or more characters and ?  standing for one character).
	      If Shell Patterns is off, then the tagging of files is done with
	      normal regular expressions (see ed (1)).

       If  the expression starts or ends with a slash (/), then it will select
       directories instead of files.

       \ (backslash)
	      use the "\" key to unselect a group of files. This is the  oppo-
	      site of the Plus key.

       up-key, C-p
	      move the selection bar to the previous entry in the panel.

       down-key, C-n
	      move the selection bar to the next entry in the panel.

       home, a1, M-<
	      move the selection bar to the first entry in the panel.

       end, c1, M->
	      move the selection bar to the last entry in the panel.

       next-page, C-v
	      move the selection bar one page down.

       prev-page, M-v
	      move the selection bar one page up.

       M-o    make the current directory of the current panel also the current
	      directory of the other panel.  Put the other panel to the  list-
	      ing  mode  if  needed.   If  the current panel is panelized, the
	      other panel doesn't become panelized.

       C-PageUp, C-PageDown
	      only when supported by the terminal: change to ".." and  to  the
	      currently selected directory respectively.

       M-y    moves  to  the  previous directory in the history, equivalent to
	      clicking the < with the mouse.

       M-u    moves to the next directory in the history, equivalent to click-
	      ing the > with the mouse.

       M-S-h, M-H
	      displays the directory history, equivalent to depressing the 'v'
	      with the mouse.

  Shell Command Line
       This section lists keys which are useful to avoid excessive typing when
       entering shell commands.

       M-Enter
	      copy the currently selected file name to the command line.

       C-Enter
	      same  a M-Enter.	May not work on remote systems and some termi-
	      nals.

       C-S-Enter
	      copy the full path name of the currently selected  file  to  the
	      command  line.   May  not work on remote systems and some termi-
	      nals.

       M-Tab  does the filename, command, variable, username and hostname com-
	      pletion for you.

       C-x t, C-x C-t
	      copy  the  tagged  files	(or  if there are no tagged files, the
	      selected file) of the current panel (C-x	t)  or	of  the  other
	      panel (C-x C-t) to the command line.

       C-x p, C-x C-p
	      the  first key sequence copies the current path name to the com-
	      mand line, and the second one copies the unselected panel's path
	      name to the command line.

       C-q    the quote command can be used to insert characters that are oth-
	      erwise interpreted by the Midnight Commander (like the '+'  sym-
	      bol)

       M-p, M-n
	      use  these keys to browse through the command history. M-p takes
	      you to the last entry, M-n takes you to the next one.

       M-h    displays the history for the current input line.

  General Movement Keys
       The help viewer, the file viewer and the directory tree use common code
       to  handle moving. Therefore they accept exactly the same keys. Each of
       them also accepts some keys of its own.

       Other parts of the Midnight Commander use some  of  the	same  movement
       keys, so this section may be of use for those parts too.

       Up, C-p
	      moves one line backward.

       Down, C-n
	      moves one line forward.

       Prev Page, Page Up, M-v
	      moves one page up.

       Next Page, Page Down, C-v
	      moves one page down.

       Home, A1
	      moves to the beginning.

       End, C1
	      move to the end.

       The  help viewer and the file viewer accept the following keys in addi-
       tion the to ones mentioned above:

       b, C-b, C-h, Backspace, Delete
	      moves one page up.

       Space bar
	      moves one page down.

       u, d   moves one half of a page up or down.

       g, G   moves to the beginning or to the end.

  Input Line Keys
       The input lines (they are used for the command line and for  the  query
       dialogs in the program) accept these keys:

       C-a    puts the cursor at the beginning of line.

       C-e    puts the cursor at the end of the line.

       C-b, move-left
	      move the cursor one position left.

       C-f, move-right
	      move the cursor one position right.

       M-f    moves one word forward.

       M-b    moves one word backward.

       C-h, backspace
	      delete the previous character.

       C-d, Delete
	      delete the character in the point (over the cursor).

       C-@    sets the mark for cutting.

       C-w    copies the text between the cursor and the mark to a kill buffer
	      and removes the text from the input line.

       M-w    copies the text between the  cursor  and	the  mark  to  a  kill
	      buffer.

       C-y    yanks back the contents of the kill buffer.

       C-k    kills the text from the cursor to the end of the line.

       M-p, M-n
	      Use  these keys to browse through the command history. M-p takes
	      you to the last entry, M-n takes you to the next one.

       M-C-h, M-Backspace
	      delete one word backward.

       M-Tab  does the filename, command, variable, username and hostname com-
	      pletion for you.


Menu Bar
       The  menu  bar  pops up when you press F9 or click the mouse on the top
       row of the screen. The menu bar has five menus: "Left",	"File",  "Com-
       mand", "Options" and "Right".

       The Left and Right Menus allow you to modify the appearance of the left
       and right directory panels.

       The File Menu lists the	actions  you  can  perform  on	the  currently
       selected file or the tagged files.

       The  Command  Menu lists the actions which are more general and bear no
       relation to the currently selected file or the tagged files.

       The Options Menu lists the actions which allow  you  to	customize  the
       Midnight Commander.

  Left and Right (Above and Below) Menus
       The  outlook  of  the directory panels can be changed from the Left and
       Right menus (they are named Above and Below when the  horizontal  panel
       split is chosen from the Layout options dialog).

    Listing Mode...
       The  listing mode view is used to display a listing of files, there are
       four different listing modes available: Full,  Brief,  Long  and  User.
       The  full  directory view shows the file name, the size of the file and
       the modification time.

       The brief view shows only the file name and it has two columns  (there-
       fore showing twice as many files as other views). The long view is sim-
       ilar to the output of ls -l command. The  long  view  takes  the  whole
       screen width.

       If  you	choose the "User" display format, then you have to specify the
       display format.

       The user display format must start with a panel size  specifier.   This
       may  be	"half"	or  "full", and they specify a half screen panel and a
       full screen panel respectively.

       After the panel size, you may specify  the  two	columns  mode  on  the
       panel, this is done by adding the number "2" to the user format string.

       After this you add the name of the fields with an optional size	speci-
       fier.  This are the available fields you may display:

       name   displays the file name.

       size   displays the file size.

       bsize  is  an alternative form of the size format. It displays the size
	      of the files and	for  directories  it  just  shows  SUB-DIR  or
	      UP--DIR.

       type   displays	a  one	character  wide type field.  This character is
	      similar to what is displayed by ls with the -F flag - * for exe-
	      cutable  files, / for directories, @ for links, = for sockets, -
	      for character devices, + for block devices, | for pipes,	~  for
	      symbolic	links  to directories and !  for stale symlinks (links
	      that point nowhere).

       mark   an asterisk if the file is tagged, a space if it's not.

       mtime  file's last modification time.

       atime  file's last access time.

       ctime  file's creation time.

       perm   a string representing the current permission bits of the file.

       mode   an octal value with the current permission bits of the file.

       nlink  the number of links to the file.

       ngid   the GID (numeric).

       nuid   the UID (numeric).

       owner  the owner of the file.

       group  the group of the file.

       inode  the inode of the file.

       Also you can use following keywords to define the panel layout:

       space  a space in the display format.

       |      add a vertical line to the display format.

       To force one field to a fixed size (a size specifier), you just	add  :
       followed  by  the  number of characters you want the field to have.  If
       the number is followed by the symbol +, then  the  size	specifies  the
       minimal	field size - if the program finds out that there is more space
       on the screen, it will then expand that field.

       For example, the Full display corresponds to this format:

       half type name | size | mtime

       And the Long display corresponds to this format:

       full perm space nlink space owner space group space  size  space  mtime
       space name

       This is a nice user display format:

       half name | size:7 | type mode:3

       Panels may also be set to the following modes:

       Info   The  info  view  display	information  related  to the currently
	      selected file and if possible information about the current file
	      system.

       Tree   The  tree  view  is quite similar to the directory tree feature.
	      See the section about it for more information.

       Quick View
	      In this mode, the panel will switch to  a  reduced  viewer  that
	      displays	the  contents  of  the currently selected file, if you
	      select the panel (with the tab key or the mouse), you will  have
	      access to the usual viewer commands.

    Sort Order...
       The  eight sort orders are by name, by extension, by modification time,
       by access time, and by inode information modification time, by size, by
       inode  and  unsorted.   In the Sort order dialog box you can choose the
       sort order and you may also specify if you  want  to  sort  in  reverse
       order by checking the reverse box.

       By  default directories are sorted before files but this can be changed
       from the Options menu (option Mix all files).

    Filter...
       The filter command allows you to specify a shell pattern  (for  example
       *.tar.gz)  which  the  files  must match to be shown. Regardless of the
       filter pattern, the directories and the links to directories are always
       shown in the directory panel.

    Reread
       The  reread  command  reload  the list of files in the directory. It is
       useful if other processes have created or removed files.  If  you  have
       panelized file names in a panel this will reload the directory contents
       and remove the panelized information (See the section External panelize
       for more information).

  File Menu
       The Midnight Commander uses the F1 - F10 keys as keyboard shortcuts for
       commands appearing in the file menu.   The  escape  sequences  for  the
       function  keys are terminfo capabilities kf1 trough kf10.  On terminals
       without function key support, you can achieve the same functionality by
       pressing  the  ESC key and then a number in the range 1 through 9 and 0
       (corresponding to F1 to F9 and F10 respectively).

       The File menu has the following commands (keyboard shortcuts in	paren-
       theses):

       Help (F1)

       Invokes the built-in hypertext help viewer. Inside the help viewer, you
       can use the Tab key to select the next link and the Enter key to follow
       that  link.  The  keys Space and Backspace are used to move forward and
       backward in a help page. Press  F1  again  to  get  the	full  list  of
       accepted keys.

       Menu (F2)

       Invoke  the  user  menu.  The user menu provides an easy way to provide
       users with a menu and add extra features to the Midnight Commander.

       View (F3, Shift-F3)

       View the currently selected file. By default this invokes the  Internal
       File Viewer but if the option "Use internal view" is off, it invokes an
       external file viewer specified by the PAGER environment	variable.   If
       PAGER is undefined, the "view" command is invoked.  If you use Shift-F3
       instead, the viewer will be invoked without  doing  any	formatting  or
       preprocessing to the file.

       Filtered View (M-!)

       This  command  prompts  for  a  command and its arguments (the argument
       defaults to the currently selected file name),  the  output  from  such
       command is shown in the internal file viewer.

       Edit (F4)

       Currently it invokes the vi editor, or the editor specified in the EDI-
       TOR environment variable, or the Internal File Editor if the use_inter-
       nal_edit option is on.

       Copy (F5)

       Pop  up an input dialog with destination that defaults to the directory
       in the non-selected panel and copies the currently  selected  file  (or
       the  tagged  files, if there is at least one file tagged) to the direc-
       tory specified by the user in the input dialog.	During	this  process,
       you  can  press	C-c  or  ESC to abort the operation. For details about
       source mask (which will be usually either * or  ^\(.*\)$  depending  on
       setting	of  Use shell patterns) and possible wildcards in the destina-
       tion see Mask copy/rename.

       On some systems, it is possible to do the copy  in  the	background  by
       clicking  on the background button (or pressing M-b in the dialog box).
       The Background Jobs is used to control the background process.

       Link (C-x l)

       Create a hard link to the current file.

       SymLink (C-x s)

       Create a symbolic link to the current file. To those of you  who  don't
       know  what  links  are: creating a link to a file is a bit like copying
       the file, but both the source filename  and  the  destination  filename
       represent  the  same  file image. For example, if you edit one of these
       files, all changes you make will appear in both files. Some people call
       links aliases or shortcuts.

       A hard link appears as a real file. After making it, there is no way of
       telling which one is the original and which is the link. If you	delete
       either  one of them the other one is still intact. It is very difficult
       to notice that the files represent the same image. Use hard links  when
       you don't even want to know.

       A symbolic link is a reference to the name of the original file. If the
       original file is deleted the symbolic link is useless. It is quite easy
       to notice that the files represent the same image. The Midnight Comman-
       der shows an "@"-sign in front of the file name if  it  is  a  symbolic
       link  to  somewhere  (except to directory, where it shows a tilde (~)).
       The original file which the link points to is shown on mini-status line
       if  the Show mini-status option is enabled. Use symbolic links when you
       want to avoid the confusion that can be caused by hard links.

       Rename/Move (F6)

       Pop up an input dialog that defaults  to  the  directory  in  the  non-
       selected  panel	and  moves  the currently selected file (or the tagged
       files if there is at least one tagged file) to the directory  specified
       by  the user in the input dialog. During the process, you can press C-c
       or ESC to abort the operation. For more details look at Copy  operation
       above, most of the things are quite similar.

       On  some  systems,  it  is possible to do the copy in the background by
       clicking on the background button (or pressing M-b in the dialog  box).
       The Background Jobs is used to control the background process.

       Mkdir (F7)

       Pop up an input dialog and creates the directory specified.

       Delete (F8)

       Delete the currently selected file or the tagged files in the currently
       selected panel. During the process, you can press C-c or ESC  to  abort
       the operation.

       Quick  cd  (M-c) Use the quick cd command if you have full command line
       and want to cd somewhere.

       Select group (+)

       This is used to select (tag) a group of files. The  Midnight  Commander
       will  prompt  for a regular expression describing the group. When Shell
       Patterns are enabled, the regular expression is much like the  filename
       globbing  in  the  shell  (* standing for zero or more characters and ?
       standing for one character). If Shell Patterns is off, then the tagging
       of files is done with normal regular expressions (see ed (1)).

       To  mark directories instead of files, the expression must start or end
       with a '/'.

       Unselect group (\)

       Used to unselect a group of files. This is the opposite of  the	Select
       group command.

       Quit (F10, Shift-F10)

       Terminate  the  Midnight Commander.  Shift-F10 is used when you want to
       quit and you are using the shell wrapper.  Shift-F10 will not take  you
       to  the last directory you visited with the Midnight Commander, instead
       it will stay at the directory where you started the Midnight Commander.

    Quick cd
       This  command  is useful if you have a full command line and want to cd
       somewhere without having to yank and paste the command line. This  com-
       mand pops up a small dialog, where you enter everything you would enter
       after cd on the command line and then you press	enter.	This  features
       all the things that are already in the internal cd command.

  Command Menu
       The Directory tree command shows a tree figure of the directories.

       The  Find  file	command  allows you to search for a specific file. The
       "Swap panels" command swaps the contents of the two directory panels.

       The "Panels on/off" command shows the output of the last shell command.
       This works only on xterm and on Linux and FreeBSD console.

       The  Compare  directories (C-x d) command compares the directory panels
       with each other. You can then use the Copy (F5)	command  to  make  the
       panels  identical.  There  are  three compare methods. The quick method
       compares only file size and file date. The thorough method makes a full
       byte-by-byte  compare.  The  thorough  method  is  not available if the
       machine does not support the mmap(2) system call.  The  size-only  com-
       pare  method  just  compares the file sizes and does not check the con-
       tents or the date times, it just checks the file size.

       The Command history  command  shows  a  list  of  typed	commands.  The
       selected command is copied to the command line. The command history can
       also be accessed by typing M-p or M-n.

       The Directory hotlist (C-\)  command  makes  changing  of  the  current
       directory to often used directories faster.

       The  External  panelize	allows you to execute an external program, and
       make the output of that program the contents of the current panel.

       Extension file edit command allows you to specify programs to  executed
       when  you  try  to execute, view, edit and do a bunch of other thing on
       files with certain extensions (filename endings). The  Menu  file  edit
       command	may be used for editing the user menu (which appears by press-
       ing F2).

    Directory Tree
       The Directory Tree command shows a tree figure of the directories.  You
       can  select a directory from the figure and the Midnight Commander will
       change to that directory.

       There are two ways to invoke the tree. The real directory tree  command
       is  available  from Commands menu. The other way is to select tree view
       from the Left or Right menu.

       To get rid of long delays the Midnight Commander creates the tree  fig-
       ure  by	scanning  only	a  small subset of all the directories. If the
       directory which you want to see is missing, move to its	parent	direc-
       tory and press C-r (or F2).

       You can use the following keys:

       General movement keys are accepted.

       Enter.	In the directory tree, exits the directory tree and changes to
       this directory in the current panel. In the tree view, changes to  this
       directory in the other panel and stays in tree view mode in the current
       panel.

       C-r, F2 (Rescan).  Rescan this directory. Use this when the tree figure
       is  out of date: it is missing subdirectories or shows some subdirecto-
       ries which don't exist any more.

       F3 (Forget).  Delete this directory from the tree figure. Use  this  to
       remove  clutter	from the figure. If you want the directory back to the
       tree figure press F2 in its parent directory.

       F4  (Static/Dynamic).   Toggle  between	the  dynamic  navigation  mode
       (default) and the static navigation mode.

       In  the	static	navigation  mode  you  can use the Up and Down keys to
       select a directory. All known directories are shown.

       In the dynamic navigation mode you can use the  Up  and	Down  keys  to
       select  a  sibling directory, the Left key to move to the parent direc-
       tory, and the Right key to move to a child directory. Only the  parent,
       sibling	and  children  directories are shown, others are left out. The
       tree figure changes dynamically as you traverse.

       F5 (Copy).  Copy the directory.

       F6 (RenMov).  Move the directory.

       F7 (Mkdir).  Make a new directory below this directory.

       F8 (Delete).  Delete this directory from the file system.

       C-s, M-s.  Search the next directory matching  the  search  string.  If
       there is no such directory these keys will move one line down.

       C-h, Backspace.	Delete the last character of the search string.

       Any  other  character.  Add the character to the search string and move
       to the next directory which starts with these characters. In  the  tree
       view  you  must	first  activate  the  search mode by pressing C-s. The
       search string is shown in the mini status line.

       The following actions are available only in the	directory  tree.  They
       aren't supported in the tree view.

       F1 (Help).  Invoke the help viewer and show this section.

       Esc, F10.  Exit the directory tree. Do not change the directory.

       The mouse is supported. A double-click behaves like Enter. See also the
       section on mouse support.

    Find File
       The Find File feature first asks for the start directory for the search
       and  the  filename  to be searched for. By pressing the Tree button you
       can select the start directory from the directory tree figure.

       The contents field accepts regular  expressions	similar  to  egrep(1).
       That  means  you  have  to  escape characters with a special meaning to
       egrep with "\", e.g. if you search for "strcmp  ("  you	will  have  to
       input "strcmp \(" (without the double quotes).

       You  can start the search by pressing the OK button.  During the search
       you can stop from the Stop button and continue from the Start button.

       You can browse the filelist with the up and down arrow keys. The  Chdir
       button will change to the directory of the currently selected file. The
       Again button will ask for the parameters for a  new  search.  The  Quit
       button  quits  the search operation. The Panelize button will place the
       found files to the current directory panel so that  you	can  do  addi-
       tional  operations  on them (view, copy, move, delete and so on). After
       panelizing you can press C-r to return to the normal file listing.

       It is possible to have a list of directories that the Find File command
       should  skip  during  the  search  (for	example, you may want to avoid
       searches on a CD-ROM or on a NFS directory that	is  mounted  across  a
       slow link).

       Directories   to   be   skipped	 should   be   set   on  the  variable
       find_ignore_dirs in the Misc section of your ~/.mc/ini file.

       Directory components should be separated with a colon, here is an exam-
       ple:

       [Misc]
       find_ignore_dirs=/cdrom:/nfs/wuarchive:/afs

       You  may  consider  using the External panelize command for some opera-
       tions. Find file command is for simple queries only, while using Exter-
       nal panelize you can do as mysterious searches as you would like.

    External panelize
       The  External  panelize	allows you to execute an external program, and
       make the output of that program the contents of the current panel.

       For example, if you want to manipulate in one of  the  panels  all  the
       symbolic links in the current directory, you can use external paneliza-
       tion to run the following command:

       find . -type l -print

       Upon command completion, the directory contents of the  panel  will  no
       longer  be  the directory listing of the current directory, but all the
       files that are symbolic links.

       If you want to panelize all of the files that have been downloaded from
       your  FTP server, you can use this awk command to extract the file name
       from the transfer log files:

       awk '$9 ~! /incoming/ { print $9 }' < /usr/adm/xferlog

       You may want to save often used panelize commands under	a  descriptive
       name,  so  that	you can recall them quickly. You do this by typing the
       command on the input line and pressing Add new button. Then you enter a
       name  under which you want the command to be saved. Next time, you just
       choose that command from the list and do not have to type it again.

    Hotlist
       The Directory hotlist command shows the labels of  the  directories  in
       the  directory  hotlist.   The  Midnight  Commander  will change to the
       directory corresponding to the selected label.  From the  hotlist  dia-
       log,  you  can remove already created label/directory pairs and add new
       ones.  To add new directories quickly, you can use the Add  to  hotlist
       command	(C-x  h),  which adds the current directory into the directory
       hotlist, asking just for the label for the directory.

       This makes cd to often used directories faster. You may consider  using
       the CDPATH variable as described in internal cd command description.

    Extension File Edit
       This will invoke your editor on the file ~/.mc/bindings.  The format of
       this file following:

       All lines starting with # or empty lines are thrown away.

       Lines starting in the first column should have following format:

       keyword/expr, i.e. everything after the slash until new line is expr.

       keyword can be:

       shell  - expr is an extension (no wildcards).  File matches it its name
	      ends with expr.  Example: shell/.tar matches *.tar.

       regex  -  expr  is  a  regular  expression.   File  matches if its name
	      matches the regular expression.

       directory
	      - expr is a regular expression.  File matches if it is a	direc-
	      tory and its name matches the regular expression.

       type   -  expr  is a regular expression.  File matches if the output of
	      file %f without the initial  "filename:"	part  matches  regular
	      expression expr.

       default
	      - matches any file.  expr is ignored.

       include
	      - denotes a common section.  expr is the name of the section.

       Other  lines should start with a space or tab and should be of the for-
       mat: keyword=command (with no spaces around =),	where  keyword	should
       be:  Open  (invoked  on Enter or double click), View (F3), Edit (F4) or
       Include (to add rules from the common section).	command  is  any  one-
       line shell command, with the simple macro substitution.

       Rules  are matched from top to bottom, thus the order is important.  If
       the appropriate action is missing, search continues  as	if  this  rule
       didn't  match  (i.e.  if  a file matches the first and second entry and
       View action is missing in the first one, then on pressing F3  the  View
       action  from  the second entry will be used).  default should match all
       the actions.

    Background Jobs
       This lets you control the state of any  background  Midnight  Commander
       process	(only  copy and move files operations can be done in the back-
       ground).  You can stop, restart and kill a background job from here.

    Menu File Edit
       The user menu is a menu of useful actions that can be customized by the
       user. When you access the user menu, the file .mc.menu from the current
       directory is used if it exists, but only if it is owned by user or root
       and  is not world-writable.  If no such file found, ~/.mc/menu is tried
       in the same way, and otherwise mc uses  the  default  system-wide  menu
       /usr/local/share/mc/mc.menu.

       The  format of the menu file is very simple. Lines that start with any-
       thing but space or tab are considered entries for the menu (in order to
       be  able to use it like a hot key, the first character should be a let-
       ter). All the lines that start with a space or a tab are  the  commands
       that will be executed when the entry is selected.

       When  an  option  is  selected  all the command lines of the option are
       copied  to  a  temporary  file  in  the	temporary  directory  (usually
       /usr/tmp)  and  then that file is executed. This allows the user to put
       normal shell constructs in the menus. Also  simple  macro  substitution
       takes  place  before executing the menu code. For more information, see
       macro substitution.

       Here is a sample mc.menu file:

       A    Dump the currently selected file
	    od -c %f

       B    Edit a bug report and send it to root
	    I=`mktemp ${MC_TMPDIR:-/tmp}/mail.XXXXXX` || exit 1
	    vi $I
	    mail -s "Midnight Commander bug" root < $I
	    rm -f $I

       M    Read mail
	    emacs -f rmail

       N    Read Usenet news
	    emacs -f gnus

       H    Call the info hypertext browser
	    info

       J    Copy current directory to other panel recursively
	    tar cf - . | (cd %D && tar xvpf -)

       K    Make a release of the current subdirectory
	    echo -n "Name of distribution file: "
	    read tar
	    ln -s %d `dirname %d`/$tar
	    cd ..
	    tar cvhf ${tar}.tar $tar

       = f *.tar.gz | f *.tgz & t n
       X       Extract the contents of a compressed tar file
	    tar xzvf %f

       Default Conditions

       Each menu entry may be preceded by  a  condition.  The  condition  must
       start  from  the first column with a '=' character. If the condition is
       true, the menu entry will be the default entry.

       Condition syntax:   = 
	 or:		   =  |  ...
	 or:		   =  &  ...

       Sub-condition is one of following:

	 y 	   syntax of current file matching pattern?
		      (for edit menu only)
	 f 	   current file matching pattern?
	 F 	   other file matching pattern?
	 d 	   current directory matching pattern?
	 D 	   other directory matching pattern?
	 t 	   current file of type?
	 T 	   other file of type?
	 x 	   is it executable filename?
	 ! 	   negate the result of sub-condition

       Pattern is a normal shell pattern or a regular expression, according to
       the  shell  patterns  option.  You can override the global value of the
       shell patterns option by writing "shell_patterns=x" on the  first  line
       of the menu file (where "x" is either 0 or 1).

       Type is one or more of the following characters:

	 n  not a directory
	 r  regular file
	 d  directory
	 l  link
	 c  character device
	 b  block device
	 f  FIFO (pipe)
	 s  socket
	 x  executable file
	 t  tagged

       For example 'rlf' means either regular file, link or fifo. The 't' type
       is a little special because it acts on the panel instead of  the  file.
       The  condition  '=t t' is true if there are tagged files in the current
       panel and false if not.

       If the condition starts with '=?' instead of '=' a debug trace will  be
       shown whenever the value of the condition is calculated.

       The conditions are calculated from left to right. This means
	    = f *.tar.gz | f *.tgz & t n
       is calculated as
	    ( (f *.tar.gz) | (f *.tgz) ) & (t n)

       Here is a sample of the use of conditions:

       = f *.tar.gz | f *.tgz & t n
       L    List the contents of a compressed tar-archive
	    gzip -cd %f | tar xvf -

       Addition Conditions

       If  the condition begins with '+' (or '+?') instead of '=' (or '=?') it
       is an addition condition. If the condition is true the menu entry  will
       be  included in the menu. If the condition is false the menu entry will
       not be included in the menu.

       You can combine default and addition conditions by  starting  condition
       with  '+='  or '=+' (or '+=?' or '=+?' if you want debug trace). If you
       want to use two different conditions, one for adding  and  another  for
       defaulting,  you can precede a menu entry with two condition lines, one
       starting with '+' and another starting with '='.

       Comments are started with '#'. The additional comment lines must  start
       with '#', space or tab.

  Options Menu
       The  Midnight Commander has some options that may be toggled on and off
       in several dialogs which are accessible from  this  menu.  Options  are
       enabled if they have an asterisk or "x" in front of them.

       The  Configuration  command  pops up a dialog from which you can change
       most of settings of the Midnight Commander.

       The Layout command pops up a dialog from which you specify a  bunch  of
       options how mc looks like on the screen.

       The  Confirmation command pops up a dialog from which you specify which
       actions you want to confirm.

       The Display bits command pops up a dialog from  which  you  may	select
       which characters is your terminal able to display.

       The  Learn  keys command pops up a dialog from which you test some keys
       which are not working on some terminals and you may fix them.

       The Virtual FS command pops up a dialog from which you specify some VFS
       related options.

       The  Save  setup  command saves the current settings of the Left, Right
       and Options menus. A small number of other settings is saved, too.

    Configuration
       The options in  this  dialog  are  divided  into  three	groups:  Panel
       Options, Pause after run and Other Options.

       Panel Options

       Show  Backup Files.  If enabled, the Midnight Commander will show files
       ending with a tilde.  Otherwise, they won't be  shown  (like  GNU's  ls
       option -B).

       Show  Hidden  Files.   If enabled, the Midnight Commander will show all
       files that start with a dot (like ls -a).

       Mark moves down.  If enabled, the selection bar will move down when you
       mark a file (with either C-t or the Insert key).

       Drop down menus.  When this option is enabled, the pull down menus will
       be activated as soon as you press the F9 key.  Otherwise, you will only
       get  the menu title, and you will have to activate the menu either with
       the arrow keys or with the hotkeys.  It is recommended if you are using
       hotkeys.

       Mix  all  files.   If this option is enabled, all files and directories
       are shown mixed together.  If the option is off, directories (and links
       to  directories)  are  shown at the beginning of the listing, and other
       files below.

       Fast directory reload.  If this option is enabled, the Midnight Comman-
       der  will  use  a  trick  to  determine	if the directory contents have
       changed.  The trick is to reload the directory only if  the  i-node  of
       the  directory  has  changed;  this means that reloads only happen when
       files are created or deleted.  If what changes is the i-node for a file
       in  the	directory  (file size changes, mode or owner changes, etc) the
       display is not updated.	In these cases, if you have the option on, you
       have to rescan the directory manually (with C-r).

       Pause after run

       After  executing  your  commands,  the Midnight Commander can pause, so
       that you can examine the output of the command.	There are three possi-
       ble settings for this variable:

       Never.	Means  that you do not want to see the output of your command.
       If you are using the Linux or FreeBSD console or an xterm, you will  be
       able to see the output of the command by typing C-o.

       On  dumb  terminals.   You will get the pause message on terminals that
       are not capable of showing the output of the last command executed (any
       terminal that is not an xterm or the Linux console).

       Always.	The program will pause after executing all of your commands.

       Other Options

       Verbose	operation.   This  toggles  whether  the file Copy, Rename and
       Delete operations are verbose (i.e., display  a	dialog	box  for  each
       operation).  If	you  have a slow terminal, you may wish to disable the
       verbose operation. It is automatically turned off if the speed of  your
       terminal is less than 9600 bps.

       Compute totals.	If this option is enabled, the Midnight Commander com-
       putes total byte sizes and total number of files  prior	to  any  Copy,
       Rename  and  Delete operations. This will provide you with a more accu-
       rate progress bar at the expense of some  speed.  This  option  has  no
       effect, if Verbose operation is disabled.

       Shell  Patterns.   By  default the Select, Unselect and Filter commands
       will use shell-like regular expressions. The following conversions  are
       performed  to  achieve  this: the '*' is replaced by '.*' (zero or more
       characters); the '?'  is replaced by '.' (exactly  one  character)  and
       '.'  by	the  literal  dot. If the option is disabled, then the regular
       expressions are the ones described in ed(1).

       Auto Save Setup.  If this option is enabled, when you exit the Midnight
       Commander  the configurable options of the Midnight Commander are saved
       in the ~/.mc/ini file.

       Auto menus.  If this option is enabled, the user menu will  be  invoked
       at startup.  Useful for building menus for non-unixers.

       Use internal editor.  If this option is enabled, the built-in file edi-
       tor is used to edit files. If the option is disabled, the editor speci-
       fied in the EDITOR environment variable is used.  If no editor is spec-
       ified, vi is used.  See the section on the internal file editor.

       Use internal viewer.  If this option  is  enabled,  the	built-in  file
       viewer  is  used  to  view  files. If the option is disabled, the pager
       specified in the PAGER environment variable is used.  If  no  pager  is
       specified,  the	view command is used.  See the section on the internal
       file viewer.

       Complete: show all.  By default the Midnight Commander pops up all pos-
       sible completions if the completion is ambiguous only when you press M-
       Tab for the second time.  For the first time, it just completes as much
       as  possible and beeps in the case of ambiguity.  Enable this option if
       you want to see all possible completions even after pressing M-Tab  the
       first time.

       Rotating dash.  If this option is enabled, the Midnight Commander shows
       a rotating dash in the upper right corner as a work in progress indica-
       tor.

       Lynx-like  motion.   If	this option is enabled, you may use the arrows
       keys to automatically chdir if the current selection is a  subdirectory
       and the shell command line is empty. By default, this setting is off.

       Cd  follows  links.  This option, if set, causes the Midnight Commander
       to follow the logical chain of directories when changing current direc-
       tory either in the panels, or using the cd command. This is the default
       behavior of bash. When unset, the Midnight Commander follows  the  real
       directory  structure, so cd .. if you've entered that directory through
       a link will move you to the current directory's real parent and not  to
       the directory where the link was present.

       Safe delete.  If this option is enabled, deleting files unintentionally
       becomes more difficult.	The  default  selection  in  the  confirmation
       dialogs	for  deletion changes from "Yes" to "No".  This option is dis-
       abled by default.

    Layout
       The layout dialog gives you a possibility to change the general	layout
       of screen. You can specify whether the menubar, the command prompt, the
       hintbar and the function keybar are visible. On the  Linux  or  FreeBSD
       console	you can specify how many lines are shown in the output window.

       The rest of the screen area is used for the two directory  panels.  You
       can specify whether the area is split to the panels in vertical or hor-
       izontal direction. The split can be equal or you can specify an unequal
       split.

       You  can  specify  whether  permissions	and file types should be high-
       lighted with distinctive Colors.  If  the  permission  highlighting  is
       enabled,  the  parts of the perm and mode display fields which apply to
       the user running Midnight Commander  are  highlighted  with  the  color
       defined	by  the  selected  keyword.   If the file type highlighting is
       enabled, files are colored according to their file  type  (e.g.	direc-
       tory, core file, executable, and so on).

       If  the Show Mini-Status option is enabled, one line of status informa-
       tion about the currently selected item is shown at the  bottom  of  the
       panels.

       When  run  in  a terminal emulator for X11, Midnight Commander sets the
       terminal window title to the current working directory and  updates  it
       when  necessary.   If your terminal emulator is broken and you see some
       incorrect output on startup and directory change, turn  off  the  Xterm
       Window Title option.

    Confirmation
       In  this menu you configure the confirmation options for file deletion,
       overwriting, execution by pressing enter and quitting the program.

    Display bits
       This is used to configure  the  range  of  visible  characters  on  the
       screen.	 This  setting	may be 7-bits if your terminal/curses supports
       only seven output bits, ISO-8859-1 displays all the characters  in  the
       ISO-8859-1  map and full 8 bits is for those terminals that can display
       full 8 bit characters.

    Learn keys
       This dialog allows you to test and  redefine  functional  keys,	cursor
       arrows and some other keys to make them work properly on your terminal.
       They often don't, since many terminal databases are incomplete or  bro-
       ken.

       You  can  move around with the Tab key and with the vi moving keys ('h'
       left, 'j' down, 'k' up and 'l' right).  Once you press any cursor move-
       ment key and it is recognized, you can use that key as well.

       You  can test keys just by pressing each of them.  When you press a key
       and it is recognized properly, OK should appear next  to  the  name  of
       that  key.   Once a key is marked OK it starts working as usually, e.g.
       F1 pressed the first time will just check that the F1  key  works,  but
       after that it will show help.  The same applies to the arrow keys.  The
       Tab key should be working always.

       If some keys do not work properly then you won't see  OK  appear  after
       pressing  one  of  these.   Then you may want to redefine it.  Do it by
       pressing the button with the name of that key (either by the  mouse  or
       by Enter or Space after selecting the button with Tab or arrows).  Then
       a message box will appear asking you to press that key.	Do it and wait
       until  the  message  box  disappears.  If you want to abort, just press
       Escape once and wait.

       When you finish with all the keys, you can Save them.  The  definitions
       for  the  keys  you  have  redefined  will  be written into the [termi-
       nal:TERM] section of your ~/.mc/ini file (where TERM  is  the  name  of
       your  current terminal).  The definitions of the keys that were already
       working properly are not saved.

    Virtual FS
       This option gives you control over the settings	of  the  Virtual  File
       System.

       The  Midnight Commander keeps in memory the information related to some
       of the virtual file systems to speed up the access to the files in  the
       file system (for example, directory listings fetched from FTP servers).

       Also, in order to access the contents of compressed files (for example,
       compressed  tar files) the Midnight Commander needs to create temporary
       uncompressed files on your disk.

       Since both the information in memory and the temporary  files  on  disk
       take  up  resources,  you may want to tune the parameters of the cached
       information to decrease your resource usage or to maximize the speed of
       access to frequently used file systems.

       Because	of the format of the tar archives, the Tar filesystem needs to
       read the whole file just to load the  file  entries.   Since  most  tar
       files  are  usually  kept  compressed  (plain  tar files are species in
       extinction), the tar file system has to uncompress the file on the disk
       in a temporary location and then access the uncompressed file as a reg-
       ular tar file.

       Now, since we all love to browse files and tar files all over the disk,
       it's  common  that you will leave a tar file and the re-enter it later.
       Since decompression is slow, the  Midnight  Commander  will  cache  the
       information  in	memory	for a limited time.  When the timeout expires,
       all the resources associated with the file system  are  released.   The
       default timeout is set to one minute.

       The  FTP File System (ftpfs) allows you to browse directories on remote
       FTP servers.  It has several options.

       ftp anonymous password is the password used when you login  as  "anony-
       mous".	Some sites require a valid e-mail address.  On the other hand,
       you probably don't want to give your real e-mail address  to  untrusted
       sites, especially if you are not using spam filtering.

       ftpfs  keeps  the  directory  listing it fetches from a FTP server in a
       cache.  The cache expire time is configurable with the ftpfs  directory
       cache  timeout option.  A low value for this option may slow down every
       operation on the ftpfs because every operation would require sending  a
       request to the FTP server.

       You  can define an FTP proxy host for doing FTP.  Note that most modern
       firewalls are fully transparent at least for passive FTP  (see  below),
       so FTP proxies are considered obsolete.

       If Always use ftp proxy is not set, you can use the exclamation sign to
       enable proxy for certain hosts.	See FTP File System for examples.

       If this option is set, the program will	do  two  things:  consult  the
       /usr/local/lib/mc/mc.no_proxy file for lines containing host names that
       are local (if the host name starts with a dot, it is assumed  to  be  a
       domain)	and  to  assume that any hostnames without dots in their names
       are directly accessible.  All other hosts will be accessed through  the
       specified FTP proxy.

       You  can  enable using ~/.netrc file, which keeps login names and pass-
       words for ftp servers.  See netrc (5) for the description of the .netrc
       format.

       Use  passive  mode  enables using FTP passive mode, when the connection
       for data transfer is initiated by the client, not by the server.   This
       option is recommended and enabled by default.  If this option is turned
       off, the data connection is initiated by the server.  This may not work
       with some firewalls.

    Save Setup
       At  startup  the  Midnight  Commander  will  try to load initialization
       information from the ~/.mc/ini file. If this  file  doesn't  exist,  it
       will  load  the	information  from  the system-wide configuration file,
       located in /usr/local/share/mc/mc.ini. If the system-wide configuration
       file doesn't exist, MC uses the default settings.

       The Save Setup command creates the ~/.mc/ini file by saving the current
       settings of the Left, Right and Options menus.

       If you activate the auto save setup option, MC  will  always  save  the
       current settings when exiting.

       There  also  exist  settings  which can't be changed from the menus. To
       change these settings you  have	to  edit  the  setup  file  with  your
       favorite  editor. See the section on Special Settings for more informa-
       tion.


Executing operating system commands
       You may execute commands by typing them directly in the	Midnight  Com-
       mander's  input	line,  or by selecting the program you want to execute
       with the selection bar in one of the panels and hitting Enter.

       If you press Enter over a file that is  not  executable,  the  Midnight
       Commander  checks the extension of the selected file against the exten-
       sions in the Extensions File.  If a match is found then the code  asso-
       ciated  with  that extension is executed. A very simple macro expansion
       takes place before executing the command.

  The cd internal command
       The cd command is interpreted by the  Midnight  Commander,  it  is  not
       passed  to the command shell for execution.  Thus it may not handle all
       of the nice macro expansion and	substitution  that  your  shell  does,
       although it does some of them:

       Tilde  substitution.  The (~) will be substituted with your home direc-
       tory, if you append a username after the tilde, then it will be substi-
       tuted with the login directory of the specified user.

       For  example,  ~guest  is  the home directory for the user guest, while
       ~/guest is the directory guest in your home directory.

       Previous directory.  You can jump to the directory you were  previously
       by using the special directory name '-' like this: cd -

       CDPATH  directories.   If  the directory specified to the cd command is
       not in the current directory, then  The	Midnight  Commander  uses  the
       value in the environment variable CDPATH to search for the directory in
       any of the named directories.

       For example you could  set  your  CDPATH  variable  to  ~/src:/usr/src,
       allowing  you to change your directory to any of the directories inside
       the ~/src and /usr/src directories, from any place in the  file	system
       by  using  its  relative  name  (for example cd linux could take you to
       /usr/src/linux).

  Macro Substitution
       When accessing a user menu, or executing an  extension  dependent  com-
       mand,  or running a command from the command line input, a simple macro
       substitution takes place.

       The macros are:

       %i     The indent of blank space, equal	the  cursor  column  position.
	      For edit menu only.

       %y     The syntax type of current file. For edit menu only.

       %k     The block file name.

       %e     The error file name.

       %m     The current menu name.

       %f and %p
	      The current file name.

       %x     The extension of current file name.

       %b     The current file name without extension.

       %d     The current directory name.

       %F     The current file in the unselected panel.

       %D     The directory name of the unselected panel.

       %t     The currently tagged files.

       %T     The tagged files in the unselected panel.

       %u and %U
	      Similar  to  the %t and %T macros, but in addition the files are
	      untagged.  You can use this macro only once per menu file  entry
	      or  extension  file  entry,  because  next time there will be no
	      tagged files.

       %s and %S
	      The selected files: The tagged files if there are any. Otherwise
	      the current file.

       %cd    This  is	a  special  macro  that  is used to change the current
	      directory to the directory specified in front of	it.   This  is
	      used primarily as an interface to the Virtual File System.

       %view  This  macro  is  used to invoke the internal viewer.  This macro
	      can be used alone, or with arguments.  If you pass any arguments
	      to this macro, they should be enclosed in brackets.

	      The  arguments  are:  ascii to force the viewer into ascii mode;
	      hex to force the viewer into hex mode; nroff to tell the	viewer
	      that  it	should	interpret  the bold and underline sequences of
	      nroff; unformatted to tell the viewer  to  not  interpret  nroff
	      commands for making the text bold or underlined.

       %%     The % character

       %{some text}
	      Prompt  for the substitution. An input box is shown and the text
	      inside the braces is used as a prompt. The macro is  substituted
	      by  the text typed by the user. The user can press ESC or F10 to
	      cancel. This macro doesn't work on the command line yet.

       %var{ENV:default}
	      If environment variable ENV is unset,  the  default  is  substi-
	      tuted.  Otherwise, the value of ENV is substituted.

  The subshell support
       The  subshell  support  is  a  compile time option, that works with the
       shells: bash, tcsh and zsh.

       When the subshell code is activated the Midnight Commander will spawn a
       concurrent  copy  of  your shell (the one defined in the SHELL variable
       and if it is not defined, then the one in the /etc/passwd file) and run
       it  in a pseudo terminal, instead of invoking a new shell each time you
       execute a command, the command will be passed to the subshell as if you
       had  typed  it.	 This  also allows you to change the environment vari-
       ables, use shell functions and define aliases that are valid until  you
       quit the Midnight Commander.

       If you are using bash you can specify startup commands for the subshell
       in your ~/.mc/bashrc file and special keyboard maps in the  ~/.mc/inpu-
       trc  file.  tcsh users may specify startup commands in the ~/.mc/tcshrc
       file.

       When the subshell code is used, you can	suspend  applications  at  any
       time  with the sequence C-o and jump back to the Midnight Commander, if
       you interrupt an application, you will not be able to run other	exter-
       nal commands until you quit the application you interrupted.

       An  extra  added  feature of using the subshell is that the prompt dis-
       played by the Midnight Commander is the same prompt that you  are  cur-
       rently using in your shell.

       The  OPTIONS  section  has  more information on how you can control the
       subshell code.

Chmod
       The Chmod window is used to change the attribute bits  in  a  group  of
       files  and  directories.  It can be invoked with the C-x c key combina-
       tion.

       The Chmod window has two parts - Permissions and File.

       In the File section are displayed the name of the file or directory and
       its permissions in octal form, as well as its owner and group.

       In the Permissions section there is a set of check buttons which corre-
       spond to the file attribute bits.  As you change  the  attribute  bits,
       you can see the octal value change in the File section.

       To  move  between the widgets (buttons and check buttons) use the arrow
       keys or the Tab key.  To change the state of the check  buttons	or  to
       select a button use Space.  You can also use the hotkeys on the buttons
       to quickly activate them.  Hotkeys are shown as highlighted letters  on
       the buttons.

       To set the attribute bits, use the Enter key.

       When  working  with  a group of files or directories, you just click on
       the bits you want to set or clear.  Once you have selected the bits you
       want  to  change,  you  select one of the action buttons (Set marked or
       Clear marked).

       Finally, to set the attributes exactly to those specified, you can  use
       the [Set all] button, which will act on all the tagged files.

       [Marked all] set only marked attributes to all selected files

       [Set marked] set marked bits in attributes of all selected files

       [Clean marked] clear marked bits in attributes of all selected files

       [Set] set the attributes of one file

       [Cancel] cancel the Chmod command

Chown
       The  Chown command is used to change the owner/group of a file. The hot
       key for this command is C-x o.

Advanced Chown
       The Advanced Chown command is the Chmod and Chown command combined into
       one  window. You can change the permissions and owner/group of files at
       once.

File Operations
       When you copy, move or delete files the Midnight  Commander  shows  the
       file  operations  dialog.  It shows the files currently being processed
       and uses up to three progress bars.  The file bar  indicates  the  per-
       centage	of the current file that has been processed so far.  The count
       bar shows how many of the tagged files have been  handled.   The  bytes
       bar indicates the percentage of the total size of the tagged files that
       has been handled.  If the verbose option is off,  the  file  and  bytes
       bars are not shown.

       There  are  two	buttons at the bottom of the dialog. Pressing the Skip
       button will skip the rest of the current file. Pressing the Abort  but-
       ton  will abort the whole operation, the rest of the files are skipped.

       There are three other dialogs which you can run into  during  the  file
       operations.

       The  error dialog informs about error conditions and has three choices.
       Normally you select either the Skip button to  skip  the  file  or  the
       Abort  button  to  abort the operation altogether.  You can also select
       the Retry button if you fixed the problem from another terminal.

       The replace dialog is shown when you attempt to copy or move a file  on
       the  top  of an existing file.  The dialog shows the dates and sizes of
       the both files.	Press the Yes button to overwrite  the	file,  the  No
       button to skip the file, the All button to overwrite all the files, the
       None button to never overwrite and the Update button  to  overwrite  if
       the source file is newer than the target file.  You can abort the whole
       operation by pressing the Abort button.

       The recursive delete dialog is shown when you try to delete a directory
       which  is  not  empty.	Press  the  Yes button to delete the directory
       recursively, the No button to skip the directory,  the  All  button  to
       delete  all  the  directories  and the None button to skip all the non-
       empty directories.  You can abort the whole operation by  pressing  the
       Abort  button.  If you selected the Yes or All button you will be asked
       for a confirmation.  Type "yes" only if you are really sure you want to
       do the recursive delete.

       If  you	have  tagged  files  and perform an operation on them only the
       files on which the operation succeeded are untagged. Failed and skipped
       files are left tagged.

Mask Copy/Rename
       The  copy/move  operations  let	you translate the names of files in an
       easy way.  To do it, you have to specify the correct  source  mask  and
       usually in the trailing part of the destination specify some wildcards.
       All the files matching the source mask are copied/renamed according  to
       the  target  mask.   If	there  are tagged files, only the tagged files
       matching the source mask are renamed.

       There are other options which you can set:

       Follow links

       determines whether make the symlinks and hardlinks in the source direc-
       tory  (recursively in subdirectories) new links in the target directory
       or whether would you like to copy their content.

       Dive into subdirs

       determines the behavior when  the  source  directory  is  about	to  be
       copied, but the target directory already exists.  The default action is
       to copy the contents of the source directory into the target directory.
       Enabling  this  option  causes copying the source directory itself into
       the target directory.

       For example, you want to copy directory /foo  containing  file  bar  to
       /bla/foo,  which is an already existing directory.  Normally (when Dive
       into subdirs is not set), mc would copy file  /foo/bar  into  the  file
       /bla/foo/bar.   By enabling this option the /bla/foo/foo directory will
       be created, and /foo/bar will be copied into /bla/foo/foo/bar.

       Preserve attributes

       determines whether to preserve the permissions, timestamps and (if  you
       are  root)  the ownership of the original files.  If this option is not
       set, the current value of the umask will be respected.

       Use shell patterns on

       When the shell patterns option is on you can use the '*' and '?'  wild-
       cards in the source mask.  They work like they do in the shell.	In the
       target mask only the '*' and '\'	wildcards  are	allowed.   The
       first '*' wildcard in the target mask corresponds to the first wildcard
       group in the source mask, the second  '*'  corresponds  to  the	second
       group  and  so on.  The '\1' wildcard corresponds to the first wildcard
       group in the source mask, the '\2' wildcard corresponds to  the	second
       group and so on all the way up to '\9'.	The '\0' wildcard is the whole
       filename of the source file.

       Two examples:

       If the source mask is "*.tar.gz", the destination is  "/bla/*.tgz"  and
       the  file  to  be copied is "foo.tar.gz", the copy will be "foo.tgz" in
       "/bla".

       Suppose you want to swap basename and extension so that "file.c"  would
       become  "c.file"  and so on.  The source mask for this is "*.*" and the
       destination is "\2.\1".

       Use shell patterns off

       When the shell patterns option is  off  the  MC	doesn't  do  automatic
       grouping anymore. You must use '\(...\)' expressions in the source mask
       to specify meaning for the wildcards in the target mask. This  is  more
       flexible but also requires more typing. Otherwise target masks are sim-
       ilar to the situation when the shell patterns option is on.

       Two examples:

       If  the	source	mask  is  "^\(.*\)\.tar\.gz$",	the   destination   is
       "/bla/*.tgz"  and  the file to be copied is "foo.tar.gz", the copy will
       be "/bla/foo.tgz".

       Let's suppose you want to swap basename and extension so that  "file.c"
       will   become  "c.file"	and  so  on.  The  source  mask  for  this  is
       "^\(.*\)\.\(.*\)$" and the destination is "\2.\1".

       Case Conversions

       You can also change the case of the filenames.  If you use '\u' or '\l'
       in  the	target mask, the next character will be converted to uppercase
       or lowercase correspondingly.

       If you use '\U' or '\L' in the target mask, the next characters will be
       converted to uppercase or lowercase correspondingly up to the next '\E'
       or next '\U', '\L' or the end of the file name.

       The '\u' and '\l' are stronger than '\U' and '\L'.

       For example,  if  the  source  mask  is	'*'  (shell  patterns  on)  or
       '^\(.*\)$' (shell patterns off) and the target mask is '\L\u*' the file
       names will be converted to have initial upper case and otherwise  lower
       case.

       You can also use '\' as a quote character. For example, '\\' is a back-
       slash and '\*' is an asterisk.

Internal File Viewer
       The internal file viewer provides two display modes: ASCII and hex.  To
       toggle between modes, use the F4 key.  If you have the GNU gzip program
       installed, it will be used to automatically  decompress	the  files  on
       demand.

       The  viewer  will try to use the best method provided by your system or
       the file type to display the information.   The	internal  file	viewer
       will  interpret	some  string  sequences  to set the bold and underline
       attributes, thus making a pretty display of your files.

       When in hex mode, the search function accepts text in quotes  and  con-
       stant  numbers.	 Text  in quotes is matched exactly after removing the
       quotes.	Each number matches one byte.  You can mix  quoted  text  with
       constants like this:

       "String" -1 0xBB 012 "more text"

       Note that 012 is an octal number.  -1 is converted to 0xFF.

       Some  internal  details	about  the viewer: On systems that provide the
       mmap(2) system call, the program maps the file instead of  loading  it;
       if  the	system	does  not  provide the mmap(2) system call or the file
       matches an action that requires a filter, then the viewer will use  its
       growing	buffers,  thus	loading  only those parts of the file that you
       actually access (this includes compressed files).

       Here is a listing of the actions associated with each key that the Mid-
       night Commander handles in the internal file viewer.

       F1 Invoke the built-in hypertext help viewer.

       F2 Toggle the wrap mode.

       F4 Toggle the hex mode.

       F5  Goto line.  This will prompt you for a line number and will display
       that line.

       F6, /.  Regular expression search.

       ?, Reverse regular expression search.

       F7 Normal search / hex mode search.

       C-s, F17, n.  Start normal search  if  there  was  no  previous	search
       expression else find next match.

       C-r.   Start  reverse search if there was no previous search expression
       else find next match.

       F8 Toggle Raw/Parsed mode: This will show the file as found on disk  or
       if  a processing filter has been specified in the mc.ext file, then the
       output from the filter. Current mode is always the other  than  written
       on the button label, since on the button is the mode which you enter by
       that key.

       F9 Toggle the format/unformat mode: when format mode is on  the	viewer
       will  interpret	some  string sequences to show bold and underline with
       different colors. Also, on button label is the other mode than current.

       F10, Esc.  Exit the internal file viewer.

       next-page, space, C-v.  Scroll one page forward.

       prev-page, M-v, C-b, backspace.	Scroll one page backward.

       down-key Scroll one line forward.

       up-key Scroll one line backward.

       C-l Refresh the screen.

       C-o Switch to the subshell and show the command screen.

       !  Like C-o, but run a new shell if the subshell is not running.

       [n] m Set the mark n.

       [n] r Jump to the mark n.

       C-f Jump to the next file.

       C-b Jump to the previous file.

       M-r Toggle the ruler.

       It's  possible  to instruct the file viewer how to display a file, look
       at the Extension File Edit section

Internal File Editor
       The internal file editor is a full-featured full screen editor.	It can
       edit  files  up	to 64 megabytes.  It is possible to edit binary files.
       The internal file editor is invoked using F4 if	the  use_internal_edit
       option is set in the initialization file.

       The  features it presently supports are: block copy, move, delete, cut,
       paste; key for key undo; pull-down menus; file  insertion;  macro  com-
       mands;  regular expression search and replace (and our own scanf-printf
       search and replace); shift-arrow text highlighting (if supported by the
       terminal);  insert-overwrite toggle; word wrap; autoindent; tunable tab
       size; syntax highlighting for various file types; and an option to pipe
       text blocks through shell commands like indent and ispell.

       The  editor  is	very easy to use and requires no tutoring. To see what
       keys do what, just consult the appropriate pull-down menu.  Other  keys
       are:  Shift movement keys do text highlighting.	Ctrl-Ins copies to the
       file cooledit.clip and Shift-Ins pastes from cooledit.clip.   Shift-Del
       cuts  to  cooledit.clip,  and  Ctrl-Del deletes highlighted text. Mouse
       highlighting also works, and you can override the  mouse  as  usual  by
       holding	down the shift key while dragging the mouse to let normal ter-
       minal mouse highlighting work.

       To define a macro, press Ctrl-R and then type out the key  strokes  you
       want  to  be  executed.	Press Ctrl-R again when finished. You can then
       assign the macro to any key you like by pressing that key. The macro is
       executed  when you press Ctrl-A and then the assigned key. The macro is
       also executed if you press Meta, Ctrl, or Esc  and  the	assigned  key,
       provided that the key is not used for any other function. Once defined,
       the macro commands go into the file .mc/cedit/cooledit.macros  in  your
       home directory. You can delete a macro by deleting the appropriate line
       in this file.

       F19 will format the currently highlighted block (plain text or C or C++
       code    or    another).	  This	  is	controlled    by    the   file
       /usr/local/share/mc/edit.indent.rc     which	is	copied	    to
       .mc/cedit/edit.indent.rc  in your home directory the first time you use
       it.

       You can use scanf search and replace to search and replace a  C	format
       string.	First  take  a look at the sscanf and sprintf man pages to see
       what a format string is and how it works.  Consider following  example.
       Suppose	you  want to replace all occurrences of an open bracket, three
       comma separated numbers, and a close bracket, with the word apples, the
       third  number,  the word oranges and then the second number.  Then fill
       in the Replace dialog box as follows:

	Enter search string:
	 (%d,%d,%d)
	Enter replacement string:
	 apples %d oranges %d
	Enter replacement argument order:
	 3,2

       The last line specifies that the third and then the second  number  are
       to be used in place of the first and second.

       It  is advisable to use this feature with Prompt on replace on, because
       a match is thought to be found whenever the number of  arguments  found
       matches	the number given, which is not always a real match. Scanf also
       treats whitespace as being elastic.  Note that the scanf format	%[  is
       very useful for scanning strings, and whitespace.

       The  editor also displays non-us characters (160+). When editing binary
       files, you should set display bits to 7 bits in	the  options  menu  to
       keep the spacing clean.

Completion
       Let the Midnight Commander type for you.

       Attempt	to perform completion on the text before current position.  MC
       attempts completion treating the text as variable (if the  text	begins
       with  $),  username  (if the text begins with ~), hostname (if the text
       begins with @) or command (if you are on the command line in the  posi-
       tion  where you might type a command, possible completions then include
       shell reserved words and shell built-in commands as well) in turn.   If
       none of these matches, filename completion is attempted.

       Filename, username, variable and hostname completion works on all input
       lines, command completion is command line specific.  If the  completion
       is ambiguous (there are more different possibilities), MC beeps and the
       following action depends on the	setting  of  the  Complete:  show  all
       option  in  the	Configuration dialog.  If it is enabled, a list of all
       possibilities pops up next to the current position and you  can	select
       with the arrow keys and Enter the correct entry.  You can also type the
       first letters in which the possibilities differ to move to a subset  of
       all possibilities and complete as much as possible.  If you press M-Tab
       again, only the subset will be shown  in  the  listbox,	otherwise  the
       first  item  which  matches  all  the previous characters will be high-
       lighted.  As soon as there is no ambiguity, dialog disappears, but  you
       can  hide  it by canceling keys Esc, F10 and left and right arrow keys.
       If Complete: show all is disabled, the dialog pops up only if you press
       M-Tab for the second time, for the first time MC just beeps.

Virtual File System
       The Midnight Commander is provided with a code layer to access the file
       system; this code layer is known as the	virtual  file  system  switch.
       The virtual file system switch allows the Midnight Commander to manipu-
       late files not located on the Unix file system.

       Currently the Midnight Commander is packaged  with  some  Virtual  File
       Systems	(VFS):	the  local file system, used for accessing the regular
       Unix file system; the ftpfs, used to manipulate files on remote systems
       with the FTP protocol; the tarfs, used to manipulate tar and compressed
       tar files; the undelfs, used to recover deleted files on ext2 file sys-
       tems  (the default file system for Linux systems), fish (for manipulat-
       ing files over shell connections such as rsh and ssh) and  finally  the
       mcfs (Midnight Commander file system), a network based file system.  If
       the code was compiled with smbfs support, you can manipulate  files  on
       remote systems with the SMB (CIFS) protocol.

       A  generic extfs (EXTernal virtual File System) is provided in order to
       easily expand VFS capabilities using scripts and external software.

       The VFS switch code will interpret all of the path names used and  will
       forward	them to the correct file system, the formats used for each one
       of the file systems is described later in their own section.

  FTP File System
       The FTP File System (ftpfs) allows you to manipulate  files  on	remote
       machines.   To  actually  use  it, you can use the FTP link item in the
       menu or directly change your current directory using the cd command  to
       a path name that looks like this:

       /#ftp:[!][user[:pass]@]machine[:port][remote-dir]

       The  user,  port  and remote-dir elements are optional.	If you specify
       the user element, the Midnight  Commander  will	login  to  the	remote
       machine	as  that  user,  otherwise  it will use anonymous login or the
       login name from the ~/.netrc file.  The optional pass  element  is  the
       password used for the connection.  Using the password in the VFS direc-
       tory name is not recommended, because it can appear on  the  screen  in
       clear text and can be saved to the directory history.

       To  enable  using  FTP  proxy,  prepend !  (an exclamation sign) to the
       hostname.

       Examples:

	   /#ftp:ftp.nuclecu.unam.mx/linux/local
	   /#ftp:tsx-11.mit.edu/pub/linux/packages
	   /#ftp:!behind.firewall.edu/pub
	   /#ftp:guest@remote-host.com:40/pub
	   /#ftp:miguel:xxx@server/pub

       Please check the Virtual File System dialog box for ftpfs options.

  Tar File System
       The tar file system provides you with  read-only  access  to  your  tar
       files  and  compressed tar files by using the chdir command.  To change
       your directory to a tar file, you change your current directory to  the
       tar file by using the following syntax:

       /filename.tar#utar/[dir-inside-tar]

       The  mc.ext  file already provides a shortcut for tar files, this means
       that usually you just point to a tar file and  press  return  to  enter
       into  the  tar file, see the Extension File Edit section for details on
       how this is done.

       Examples:

	   mc-3.0.tar.gz#utar/mc-3.0/vfs
	   /ftp/GCC/gcc-2.7.0.tar#utar

       The latter specifies the full path of the tar archive.

  FIle transfer over SHell filesystem
       The fish file system is a network based file system that allows you  to
       manipulate  the files in a remote machine as if they were local. To use
       this, the other side has to either run fish  server,  or  has  to  have
       bash-compatible shell.

       To  connect  to a remote machine, you just need to chdir into a special
       directory which name is in the following format:

       /#sh:[user@]machine[:options]/[remote-dir]

       The user, options and remote-dir elements are optional.	If you specify
       the  user  element,  the  Midnight  Commander  will try to login on the
       remote machine as that user, otherwise it will use your login name.

       The options are 'C' - use compression and 'rsh' use rsh instead of ssh.
       If  the	remote-dir  element  is present, your current directory on the
       remote machine will be set to this one.

       Examples:

	   /#sh:onlyrsh.mx:r/linux/local
	   /#sh:joe@want.compression.edu:C/private
	   /#sh:joe@noncompressed.ssh.edu/private

  Network File System
       The Midnight Commander file system is a network base file  system  that
       allows  you to manipulate the files in a remote machine as if they were
       local.  To use this, the remote machine must be running	the  mcserv(8)
       server program.

       To  connect  to a remote machine, you just need to chdir into a special
       directory which name is in the following format:

       /#mc:[user@]machine[:port][remote-dir]

       The user, port and remote-dir elements are optional.   If  you  specify
       the  user  element then the Midnight Commander will try to logon on the
       remote machine as that user, otherwise it will use your login name.

       The port element is used when the remote server is running on a special
       port  (see the mcserv(8) manual page for more information about ports);
       finally, if the remote-dir element is present, your  current  directory
       on the remote machine will be set to this one.

       Examples:

	   /#mc:ftp.nuclecu.unam.mx/linux/local
	   /#mc:joe@foo.edu:11321/private

  Undelete File System
       On  Linux  systems,  if	you asked configure to use the ext2fs undelete
       facilities, you will have the undelete file system available.  Recovery
       of  deleted files is only available on ext2 file systems.  The undelete
       file system is just an interface to the ext2fs library to retrieve  all
       of the deleted files names on an ext2fs and provides and to extract the
       selected files into a regular partition.

       To use this file system, you have to chdir into the special  file  name
       formed  by the "/#undel" prefix and the file name where the actual file
       system resides.

       For example, to recover deleted files on the second  partition  of  the
       first SCSI disk on Linux, you would use the following path name:

	   /#undel:sda2

       It  may	take  a while for the undelfs to load the required information
       before you start browsing files there.

  SMB File System
       The smbfs allows you to manipulate files on remote  machines  with  SMB
       (or  CIFS)  protocol.   These  include  Windows for Workgroups, Windows
       9x/ME/XP, Windows NT, Windows 2000 and Samba.  To actually use it,  you
       may  try  to  use the panel command "SMB link..."  (accessible from the
       menubar) or you may directly change your current directory to it  using
       the cd command to a path name that looks like this:

       /#smb:[user@]machine[/service][/remote-dir]

       The  user,  service  and  remote-dir  elements are optional.  The user,
       domain and password can be specified in an input dialog.

       Examples:

	   /#smb:machine/Share
	   /#smb:other_machine
	   /#smb:guest@machine/Public/Irlex

  EXTernal File System
       extfs allows to integrate numerous features and	file  types  into  GNU
       Midnight Commander in an easy way, by writing scripts.

       Extfs filesystems can be divided into two categories:

       1.  Stand-alone filesystems, which are not associated with any existing
       file.  They represent certain system-wide data  as  a  directory  tree.
       You  can  invoke  them  by typing 'cd #fsname' where fsname is an extfs
       short name (see below).	Examples of  such  filesystems	include  audio
       (list  audio  tracks  on the CD) or apt (list of all Debian packages in
       the system).

       For example, to list CD-Audio tracks on your CD-ROM drive, type

	 cd #audio

       2. 'Archive' filesystems (like rpm, patchfs and more), which  represent
       contents of a file as a directory tree.	It can consist of 'real' files
       compressed in an archive (urar, rpm) or virtual files, like messages in
       a  mailbox  (mailfs)  or  parts	of  a patch (patchfs).	To access such
       filesystems '#fsname' should be appended to  the  archive  name.   Note
       that the archive itself can be on another vfs.

       For example, to list contents of a zip archive documents.zip type

	 cd documents.zip#uzip

       In  many  aspects, you could treat extfs like any other directory.  For
       instance, you can add it to the hotlist or change to it from  directory
       history.   An important limitation is that you cannot invoke shell com-
       mands inside extfs, just like any other non-local VFS.

       Common extfs scripts included with Midnight Commander are:

       a      access 'A:' DOS/Windows diskette (cd #a).

       apt    front end to Debian's APT package management system (cd #apt).

       audio  audio CD ripping and playing (cd #audio or cd device#audio).

       bpp    package of Bad Penguin GNU/Linux distribution (cd file.bpp#bpp).

       deb    package of Debian GNU/Linux distribution (cd file.deb#deb).

       dpkg   Debian GNU/Linux installed packages (cd #deb).

       hp48   view and copy files to/from a HP48 calculator (cd #hp48).

       lslR   browsing	of  lslR  listings  as	found  on  many FTPs (cd file-
	      name#lslR).

       mailfs mbox-style mailbox files support (cd mailbox#mailfs).

       patchfs
	      extfs to handle unified and context diffs (cd filename#patchfs).

       rpm    RPM package (cd filename#rpm).

       rpms   RPM database management (cd #rpms).

       ulha, urar, uzip, uzoo, uar, uha
	      archivers  (cd  archive#xxxx  where  xxxx is one of: ulha, urar,
	      uzip, uzoo, uar, uha).

       You could bind file type/extension to specified extfs as  described  in
       the  Extension  File Edit section.  Here is an example entry for Debian
       packages:

	 regex/.deb$
		 Open=%cd %p#deb

Colors
       The Midnight Commander will try to detect  if  your  terminal  supports
       color using the terminal database and your terminal name.  Sometimes it
       gets confused, so you may force color mode or disable color mode  using
       the -c and -b flag respectively.

       If  the	program  is  compiled with the Slang screen manager instead of
       ncurses, it will also check the variable COLORTERM, if it  is  set,  it
       has the same effect as the -c flag.

       You  may  specify  terminals that always force color mode by adding the
       color_terminals variable to the Colors section  of  the	initialization
       file.   This  will prevent the Midnight Commander from trying to detect
       if your terminal supports color.  Example:

       [Colors]
       color_terminals=linux,xterm
       color_terminals=terminal-name1,terminal-name2...

       The program can be compiled with both ncurses and slang,  ncurses  does
       not  provide  a way to force color mode: ncurses uses just the informa-
       tion in the terminal database.

       The Midnight Commander provides a way to  change  the  default  colors.
       Currently  the  colors  are  configured	using the environment variable
       MC_COLOR_TABLE or the Colors section in the initialization file.

       In the Colors section,  the  default  color  map  is  loaded  from  the
       base_color variable.  You can specify an alternate color map for a ter-
       minal by using the terminal name as the key in this section.  Example:

       [Colors]
       base_color=
       xterm=menu=magenta:marked=,magenta:markselect=,red

       The format for the color definition is:

	 =,:= ...

       The colors are  optional,  and  the  keywords  are:  normal,  selected,
       marked,	markselect,  errors,  input, reverse, gauge.  Menu colors are:
       menu, menusel, menuhot, menuhotsel.  Dialog colors are:	dnormal,  dfo-
       cus,  dhotnormal,  dhotfocus.  Help colors are: helpnormal, helpitalic,
       helpbold, helplink, helpslink.  Viewer color is:  viewunderline.   Spe-
       cial  highlighting  colors are: executable, directory, link, stalelink,
       device, special, core.  Editor colors are: editnormal, editbold,  edit-
       marked.

       input determines the color of input lines used in query dialogs.

       gauge  determines  the  color  of  the  filled part of the progress bar
       (gauge), which is used to show the user the  progress  of  file	opera-
       tions, such as copying.

       The dialog boxes use the following colors: dnormal is used for the nor-
       mal text, dfocus is the color used for the  currently  selected	compo-
       nent, dhotnormal is the color used to differentiate the hotkey color in
       normal components, whereas the dhotfocus color is used  for  the  high-
       lighted color in the currently selected component.

       Menus  use  the	same  scheme  but  uses the menu, menusel, menuhot and
       menuhotsel tags instead.

       Help uses the following colors: helpnormal is  used  for  normal  text,
       helpitalic is used for text which is emphasized in italic in the manual
       page, helpbold is used for text which is emphasized in bold in the man-
       ual page, helplink is used for not selected hyperlinks and helpslink is
       used for selected hyperlink.

       Special highlight colors determine how files are  displayed  when  file
       highlighting is enabled (see the section on Layout).  directory is used
       for directories or symbolic links to directories; executable  for  exe-
       cutable	files; link is used for symbolic links which are neither stale
       nor linked to a directory; stalelink is used for stale symbolic	links;
       device  -  character  and  block  devices;  special is used for special
       files, such as pipes and sockets; core is for core files.

       The possible colors are: black, gray, red,  brightred,  green,  bright-
       green,  brown,  yellow, blue, brightblue, magenta, brightmagenta, cyan,
       brightcyan, lightgray and white. And there is  a  special  keyword  for
       transparent background. It is 'default'. The 'default' can only be used
       for background color. Example:

       [Colors]
       base_color=normal=white,default:marked=magenta,default

Special Settings
       Most of the settings of the Midnight Commander can be changed from  the
       menus.  However, there are a small number of settings which can only be
       changed by editing the setup file.

       These variables may be set in your ~/.mc/ini file:

       clear_before_exec
	      By default the Midnight Commander clears the screen before  exe-
	      cuting  a command.  If you would prefer to see the output of the
	      command at the bottom of the screen, edit  your  ~/.mc/ini  file
	      and change the value of the field clear_before_exec to 0.

       confirm_view_dir
	      If  you  press F3 on a directory, normally MC enters that direc-
	      tory.  If this flag is set to 1, then MC will ask for  confirma-
	      tion before changing the directory if you have files tagged.

       ftpfs_retry_seconds
	      This  value is the number of seconds the Midnight Commander will
	      wait before attempting to reconnect to an FTP  server  that  has
	      denied  the  login.   If the value is zero, the login will no be
	      retried.

       max_dirt_limit
	      Specifies how many screen updates can be skipped at most in  the
	      internal	file  viewer.  Normally this value is not significant,
	      because the code automatically adjusts the number of updates  to
	      skip  according to the rate of incoming keystrokes.  However, on
	      very slow machines  or  terminals  with  a  fast	keyboard  auto
	      repeat, a big value can make screen updates too jumpy.

	      It  seems  that  setting	max_dirt_limit	to  10 causes the best
	      behavior, and that is the default value.

       mouse_move_pages
	      Controls whenever scrolling with the mouse is done by  pages  or
	      line by line on the panels.

       mouse_move_pages_viewer
	      Controls if scrolling with the mouse is done by pages or line by
	      line on the internal file viewer.

       old_esc_mode
	      By default the Midnight Commander treats the ESC key  as	a  key
	      prefix	(old_esc_mode=0).     If    this    option    is   set
	      (old_esc_mode=1), the ESC key will act as a prefix key  for  one
	      second,  and  if no extra keys have arrived, then the ESC key is
	      interpreted as a cancel key (ESC ESC).

       only_leading_plus_minus
	      Allow special treatment for '+', '-', '*' in  the  command  line
	      (select,	unselect,  reverse selection) only if the command line
	      is empty.  You don't need to quote those characters in the  mid-
	      dle of the command line.	On the other hand, you cannot use them
	      to change selection when the command line is not empty.

       panel_scroll_pages
	      If set (the default), panel will scroll by half the display when
	      the cursor reaches the end or the beginning of the panel, other-
	      wise it will just scroll a file at a time.

       show_output_starts_shell
	      This variable only works if you are not using the subshell  sup-
	      port.   When  you  use  the C-o keystroke to go back to the user
	      screen, if this one is set, you will get a fresh shell.	Other-
	      wise,  pressing any key will bring you back to the Midnight Com-
	      mander.

       torben_fj_mode
	      If this flag is set, then  the  home  and  end  keys  will  work
	      slightly	different  on the panels, instead of moving the selec-
	      tion to the first and last files in the panels, they will act as
	      follows:

	      The  home  key will: Go up to the middle line, if below it; else
	      go to the top line unless it is already on the top line, in this
	      case it will go to the first file in the panel.

	      The  end key has a similar behavior: Go down to the middle line,
	      if over it; else go to the bottom line unless you already are at
	      the  bottom line, in such case it will move the selection to the
	      last file name in the panel.

       use_file_to_guess_type
	      If this variable is on (the default) it will spawn the file com-
	      mand to match the file types listed on the mc.ext file.

       xterm_mode
	      If this variable is on (default is off) when you browse the file
	      system on a Tree panel, it will automatically reload  the  other
	      panel with the contents of the selected directory.

Terminal databases
       The Midnight Commander provides a way to fix your system terminal data-
       base  without  requiring  root  privileges.   The  Midnight   Commander
       searches  in the system initialization file (the mc.lib file located in
       the Midnight Commander library directory) and in the ~/.mc/ini file for
       the  section  "terminal:your-terminal-name"  and  then  for the section
       "terminal:general", each line of the section contains a key symbol that
       you  want  to  define, followed by an equal sign and the definition for
       the key.  You can use the special \e form to represent the escape char-
       acter and the ^x to represent the control-x character.

       The possible key symbols are:

       f0 to f20     Function keys f0-f20
       bs	     backspace
       home	     home key
       end	     end key
       up	     up arrow key
       down	     down arrow key
       left	     left arrow key
       right	     right arrow key
       pgdn	     page down key
       pgup	     page up key
       insert	     the insert character
       delete	     the delete character
       complete      to do completion

       For example, to define the key insert to be the Escape + [ + O + p, you
       set this in the ini file:

       insert=\e[Op

       The complete key symbol represents the escape sequences used to	invoke
       the  completion process, this is invoked with M-tab, but you can define
       other keys to do the same work (on those keyboard with tons of nice and
       unused keys everywhere).


FILES
       Full  paths  below  may	vary  between  installations.	They  are also
       affected by the MC_DATADIR environment  variable.   If  it's  set,  its
       value is used instead of /usr/local/share/mc in the paths below.

       /usr/local/share/mc/mc.hlp

	      The help file for the program.

       /usr/local/share/mc/mc.ext

	      The default system-wide extensions file.

       ~/.mc/bindings

	      User's  own extension, view configuration and edit configuration
	      file.  They override the contents of the system  wide  files  if
	      present.

       /usr/local/share/mc/mc.ini

	      The  default  system-wide setup for the Midnight Commander, used
	      only if the user doesn't have his own ~/.mc/ini file.

       /usr/local/share/mc/mc.lib

	      Global settings for the Midnight Commander.   Settings  in  this
	      file affect all users, whether they have ~/.mc/ini or not.  Cur-
	      rently, only terminal settings are loaded from mc.lib.

       ~/.mc/ini

	      User's own setup. If this file is  present  then	the  setup  is
	      loaded from here instead of the system-wide startup file.

       /usr/local/share/mc/mc.hint

	      This file contains the hints displayed by the program.

       /usr/local/share/mc/mc.menu

	      This file contains the default system-wide applications menu.

       ~/.mc/menu

	      User's  own application menu. If this file is present it is used
	      instead of the system-wide applications menu.

       ~/.mc/Tree

	      The directory list for the directory tree  and  tree  view  fea-
	      tures.

       ./.mc.menu

	      Local  user-defined  menu.  If  this file is present, it is used
	      instead of the home or system-wide applications menu.

LICENSE
       This program is distributed under the terms of the GNU  General	Public
       License	as published by the Free Software Foundation. See the built-in
       help for details on the License and the lack of warranty.

AVAILABILITY
       The latest version of this program  can	be  found  at  ftp://ftp.ibib-
       lio.org/pub/Linux/utils/file/managers/mc/.

SEE ALSO
       ed(1),	gpm(1),   mcserv(8),  terminfo(1),  view(1),  sh(1),  bash(1),
       tcsh(1), zsh(1).

       The Midnight Commander page on the World Wide Web:
	    http://www.ibiblio.org/mc/

AUTHORS
       Authors and contributors are listed in the AUTHORS file in  the	source
       distribution.

BUGS
       See  the  file TODO in the distribution for information on what remains
       to be done.

       If you want to report a problem with the program, please send  mail  to
       this address: mc-devel@gnome.org.

       Provide	a  detailed description of the bug, the version of the program
       you are running (mc -V displays this information), the operating system
       you  are  running  the  program	on.   If the program crashes, we would
       appreciate a stack trace.



MC Version 4.6.1-pre4		   June 2005				 MC(1)
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